Since there is complex dependence between total autonomous flight performance cost index and the constraints on the optimization variables (3 P-I-D gains for longitudinal controller
, 3 P-I-D gains for lateral controller, and 2 passive morphing parameters of TUAV and 2 active morphing parameters of TUAV, entire of 10 parameters), computation of cost function derivatives with respect to these parameters is not analytically possible.
An intelligent longitudinal controller
for application in semiautonomous vehicles," IEEE Trans.
The output variable of the longitudinal controller is the actual signal u; it represents the throttle opening or the braking pedal travel.
The output variable u of the longitudinal controller is the throttle opening or the braking pedal travel.
In this paper, the braking pedal travel S is one of the output variables of the longitudinal controller.