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A large, floored intrusive body that is sunken centrally into the shape of a basin due to sagging of the underlying country rock.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a type of occurrence of magmatic rock in the form of a smooth basin with a depressed central area and raised rims. It is believed that lopoliths are formed when magma which has intruded into the earth’s crust draws close to the earth’s surface and the sedimentary rock underlying the lopolith sinks in the area of the magma chamber.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.