Pedicularis

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Pedicularis

 

a genus of plants of the family Scrophulariaceae. They are perennial or, less commonly, annual or biennial hemiparasitic herbs. The leaves are pinnatisect or pinnately lobed; the lower leaves form a rosette. The irregular flowers, which are pink-violet, purple, yellow, or white, are in spicate or racemose inflorescences. The corolla is two-lipped; the fruit is a capsule.

There are approximately 600 species of Pedicularis, distributed in the northern hemisphere, primarily in the Himalayas and China; one species is encountered in South America. More than 110 species are found in the USSR, primarily in Middle Asia, on dry rocky slopes and in alpine and subalpine meadows. The rattle, or red rattle (Pedicularis palustris), is widespread in the northern and central parts of the European SSR. It grows in swamps and along various bodies of water. All parts of the plant are toxic: they contain the glycoside aucubin (rhinanthin). The rattle is used as an insecticide. A number of species of Pedicularis are cultivated as ornamentals.

References in periodicals archive ?
Insect Butterfly, Karner blue Lycaeides melissa samuelis Plant Lousewort, Furbish's Pedicularis furbishiae Orchid, eastern prairie white fringed Platanthera leucophaea Orchid, western prairie white fringed Platanthera praeclara Paintbrush, golden Castilleja levisecta Pogonia, small whorled Isotria medeoloides Thistle, Pitcher's or dune Cirsium pitcheri National Federal Common Name Status, Status, Canada US [COSEWIC] [FWS] Mammal Bear, grizzly V T Caribou, woodland T E Ferret, black-footed EX E Otter, southern sea T T Whale, blue V E Whale, bowhead (E.
They were--wait for it--outraged that unworthy humanity seeks to extend its life span without asking the permission of water, trees, furbish louseworts, and a representative council of mammals from mice to moose.
ravages of weather, The poor old Furbish lousewort simply
But then in 1976, our bicentennial year, Furbish lousewort fanciers had some good
Laverty (1992) similarly found an increase in fruit set in the nectarless mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum) when it was in proximity of nectar-producing lousewort (Pedicularis canadensis).
In the case of the endangered Furbish lousewort, a moment of fame in the late 1970s.
Swamp Lousewort, Fen Lousewort, Fen Betony; Fen and sedge meadows; Common; C = 6; BSUH 13572, 13579.
I would be in favor of undertaking tremendous costs to preserve the bald eagle, and other major species, but that kind of effort is out of proportion to the value of the woundfin minnow, or the snail darter, or the lousewort, or the waterbug, or many others that we are attempting to protect.
97) He focused on a 1977 USFWS decision to wait a year to publish a final endangered finding for the furbish lousewort after the USFWS had made all of its final biological determinations.
Pollination and dispersion of five species of lousewort (Pedicularis) near Atkasook, Alaska, U.
Dispersal by ants, myrmecochory, is a special form of dyszoochory and is very important in many herbaceous plants, such as louseworts (Pedicularis), woodrushes (Luzula), asarabacca (Asarum europaeaum), and Galeobdolon [=Lamiastrum] luteum.
Yes, and Furbish louseworts, snail darters, and the over-promoted-to-the-point-of-boredom damned humpback whales.