Subsequent chapters address the theory of crystalline elemental solids and their surfaces, experimental surface methods, low-energy electron diffraction
, and photoelectron spectroscopy and diffraction, among other topics.
This includes an ellipsometer and an integrated low-energy electron diffraction
(LEED) system, which will monitor thin-film deposition to increase the efficiency and productivity of the lab's research into nano-structured materials.
At -183 [degrees] C, about half of the outermost surface molecules were essentially invisible to the technique they used, low-energy electron diffraction
Photoelectron spectroscopy, thermally stimulated desorption, and low-energy electron diffraction
(LEED) are used to determine the molecular geometries of the polymers and examine the environments surrounding the electrons.
Among specific topics are low-energy electron diffraction
, electron-impact secondary neutral mass spectrometry, elastic recoil detection analysis, grazing incidence X-ray methods for near-surface structural studies, sum frequency generation spectroscopy, and scanning near-field optical microscopy.