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(Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ, A major manufacturer of telecommunications equipment. Lucent makes telephones and telephone systems, large telephone switching computers and integrated circuits and optoelectronics components for communications and computer applications.

The company has a long history in the telecom arena. Its roots go back to 1869 when Elisha Gray and Enos Barton founded Gray and Barton in Cleveland, Ohio, a company that provided parts and models for inventors such as Gray himself. Gray and Barton was later renamed Western Electric Company when Western Union, its major customer, became an investor.

In 1881, American Bell Telephone purchased controlling interest in Western Electric, which became the manufacturing arm of the Bell companies. In 1899, AT&T, which was created 14 years earlier, took over American Bell and Western Electric. In 1925, the already-combined engineering departments of Western Electric and AT&T were turned into Bell Labs, which has become world famous for its research. A year later, Western Electric spun off its electrical distribution operations as Graybar Electric Company, which became the first large company to be bought out by its own employees.

Over the years, the company ushered in the electronic age by developing the vacuum tube. It also invented the loudspeaker, brought sound to motion pictures and introduced mobile communications, the forerunner of today's cellular system. When AT&T was divested of its Bell operating companies in 1984, Western Electric remained with AT&T, but was soon split up into a variety of divisions, including Network Systems, which builds the major switching and telecom equipment. When spun off from AT&T in 1996, Lucent retained all of AT&T's manufacturing units as well as Bell Labs.

In late 2006, Lucent merged with Paris-based Alcatel forming a new entity named Alcatel-Lucent. In early 2007, the new company announced it had acquired Nortel's UMTS radio access business to forward its network development of 3G to 4G technologies. See OFS.

Lucent Has History
Although a new company in 1996, Lucent goes way back, spawning Bell Labs and Graybar Electric and inventing or developing some of the most important technologies in the western world. (Image courtesy of Lucent Technologies.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
In this essay, we analyze the rise and demise of Lucent Technologies from the time that it was spun off from AT&T in April 1996 to its merger with Alcatel in December 2006.
"We are excited to embark on this next phase of our collaboration with Lucent on the deployment of this showcase network on the Isle of Man," said Mike Loundes, CTO of Manx Telecom.
"We selected Lucent as our IMS supplier because of the depth and breadth of what the company brings to the table -- IMS leadership, significant expertise as a multivendor network integrator, and an IMS- based solution that can enable scalable services that can be deployed fast and efficiently with the quality and reliability that customers expect from BellSouth."
Lucent has conducted substantial primary research on the market for mobile high-speed data services, sponsoring a series of in-depth market studies that revealed substantial demand for 3G mobile data access among businesses, particularly for mobile office applications such as emails with data-heavy attachments, and corporate Intranet and Internet access.
"This agreement with Lucent and Novatel Wireless puts 3 in a great position to meet the demand from business customers for high-speed access to internet-based services and corporate networks on their laptop PCs."
Lucent said it did not think the affair would have any material effect on its financial results.
Rogers of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, who is on leave from Lucent. "The ability to tune these types of photocurable lenses and then lock them into place ...
He was real estate vice president for AT&T prior to the spin-off of Lucent Technologies from AT&T.
Lucent also provided its NavisRadius 4.2 AAA (authentication, authorization and accounting) server software to manage secure network access and usage.
Lucent manufactures equipment for the telecoms industry and sells fibre optics to BT so that it can maintain and develop its massive network infrastructure.
For further information call Lucent Technologies at (623) 581-4198, or visit their website at
Under this agreement, Celestica will provide Lucent with printed circuit board assembly and test; prototype build; system assembly; repair; enclosure; backplane and supply chain managements.