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see gourdgourd
, common name for some members of the Cucurbitaceae, a family of plants whose range includes all tropical and subtropical areas and extends into the temperate zones.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Cucurbitaceae. They are annual monoecious herbs with climbing stems. The alternate leaves are five- to seven-lobed or, less frequently, entire. The flowers are unisexual, large, yellow or white, with a pentamerous perianth. The staminate flowers are racemose, and the pistillate flowers are solitary. The dried fibrous fruit has many seeds and is cylindrical or elongated.

There are six to eight species of Luffa (according to other data, 20), found in the tropics. The best-known species are Luffa cylindrica, with smooth fruits up to 50 cm and more in length, and L. acutangula, which has ribbed fruits from 15 to 30 cm long. Both species are cultivated primarily in the tropics and subtropics, most commonly in Japan, India, Indochina, Egypt, tropical America, the United States, and Asia Minor. In the USSR the plants are grown on the Black Sea Shore of the Caucasus, the Crimea, the Northern Caucasus, and Middle Asia.

The young ovaries of these plants are used as vegetables. The ripe fruits are used as sponges and in the manufacture of hats, shoes, and other items. The seeds contain more than 25 percent oil, which is used in industry. Cultivation is similar to that of other members of the family Cucurbitaceae. It is necessary to support the plants to prevent the fruits from touching the ground and growing in unattractive shapes. Depending on their degree of ripeness, the fruits are cut with either pruning shears or a knife. The harvest from 1 hectare is up to 25,000 fruits and up to 3,500 kg of seeds.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Characterization of Luffa cylindrica fibers and the effect of water aging on the mechanical properties of its composite with polyester.
"Unlike other back Luffas that only allow you to reach a small section of your back, Luffoliate cleanses and exfoliates your entire back and shoulders, reaching all of those hard-to-clean areas you'd otherwise miss."
Xie, "Reduced graphene oxide modified luffa sponge as a biocomposite adsorbent for effective removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solution," Desalination and Water Treatment, vol.
On bath sponge (Luffa cylindrica), Apis florea, and Halictus species had nectar thieves in their foragers; Melissodes species exhibited two kinds of foraging modes (i.e., P- and NPforaging) whereas Xylocopa fenestrata invariably exhibited only one kind of foraging mode (i.e., NP-foraging, Table 8).
The highest identity was observed with several isolates of ToLCNDV reported from different geographical locations and different plant hosts such as tomato (AB976527), Chilli (GU831539), potato (KC205213), Tomato leaf curl New Delhi on Luffa (KC207815) from South Korea.
Efficacy of protein bait sprays in controlling fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) infesting angled luffa and bitter gourd in Thailand.
DID YOU KNOW LUFFA grows on a vine and not in the ocean?
Ahmed et al., "Hypolipidemic activity of Luffa Aegiptiaca fruits in cholesterol fed hypercholesterolemic rabbits," International Journal of Pharmaceutical Applications, vol.
In the Mediterranean region, especially in Tunisia, Luffa cylindrica (LC) is a promising lignocellulosic feedstock for 2G bioethanol recovery [1].
Sylvestris (Villiers)Brenan, NA 42 Apocynaceae, Nyonza T Thicket Fr/R Carissa edulis Vahl, (Plant), NA 36 Solanaceae, Nume H Grassland Lvs Solanum y'ekyalo macrocarpon Lam., NA 21 Passifloraceae, Wuju Cl Thicket Fr Passiflora quadrangularis, NA 84 Hyadnaceae, Amaleere H Banana Wh Lentinus prolifer plantation Engl., NA 63 Euphorbiaceae, Kalyabakyala H Grassland Lvs Micrococca mercurialis Benth., NA 60 Solanaceae, Katuntunu H Home Fr Physalis minima L., garden NA 74 Cucurbitaceae, Kyangwe Cl Climbing Fr Luffa cylindrica on Cogn.