To date, all modeling in the field of CNT speakers has focused on analytical 1-D lumped parameter
Xia Hua, [15, 16, 17], creatively developed cutting-edge effective mathematical models and advanced analytical approaches of a vehicle driveline for the design optimization to minimize driveline steady-state dynamic responses by applying the enhanced lumped parameter
and finite element modeling techniques.
A simple lumped parameter
model (Appendix 1) is used in Fig.
After solving the lumped parameter
model, the dynamic pressure characteristics of hydraulic cylinder are obtained as theoretical results to compare with other simulation models.
The moving boundary, lumped parameter
, switched system approach described and validated in (McKinley, 2008) for a condenser model is utilized for this system.
This study presents a non-continuum based lumped parameter
macroscopic traffic flow model for the estimation of traffic density (the number of vehicles occupying a given length of roadway) under heterogeneous traffic conditions.
1 composed of a lumped parameter
section and a number of MTLs, namely the [MTL.
models perform basic balances of mass and energy regarding some control volume of interest.
Based on the equivalent circuit models shown in , the equivalent lumped parameter
circuit for the proposed structure is demonstrated in Figure 4, where [C.
Most models available in the literature are based on a representation of the motor winding as a lumped parameter
network and cannot take into account the effects of wave propagation within a coil [11,16,17].
The blood-flow model operates as a closed-loop lumped parameter
model based on an electrical network analogy.
In the following section, the approaches to characterization are considered under two broad headings: lumped parameter
based methods and roll-over curve based methods.