lunar year


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lunar year

A year of 12 synodic months, each of 29.5306 days, i.e. a year of 354.3672 days. A lunar calendar is based solely on the Moon's motion; it has a year of 354 days with a leap year of 355 days and is composed of 12 months of 29 or 30 days. A lunisolar calendar is a lunar calendar that is brought into step with the solar or seasonal calendar by the intercalation (addition) of a 13th leap month.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006

Lunar Year

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

A lunar year is a year of 12 lunar months (12 synodic periods), or 354.367 days. There are 34 such lunar years for every 33 solar years. The traditional Muslim year is a lunar year. Many civilizations have utilized soli-lunar years, which retain the Moon’s synodic period for months but also insert an intercalary month to keep the years aligned with the period of Earth’s revolution around the Sun.

The Astrology Book, Second Edition © 2003 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lunar Year

 

the period of time that lies at the basis of lunar and lunisolar calendars. The lunar year consists of 12 lunar months having 29 or 30 days, and the lunar calendar can have 354 or 355 days. Years and months of different lengths are ordered such that a new moon would coincide exactly with the beginning of each month (12 synodic months total 354.3670 days). The beginning of each lunar year continuously changes with respect to the solar year and occurs at different times of the year. To eliminate this drawback a lunar year comprising 13 lunar months is used in lunisolar calendars.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

lunar year

[′lü·nər ′yir]
(astronomy)
A time interval comprising 12 lunar (synodic) months.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
17, over 1.5 billion Muslims worldwide, including some 8 million people in North America, began Ramadan, the holiest month of the Islamic lunar year, by observing a month-long period of prayer, almsgiving and fasting from all food and drink during daylight hours.
According to the legend that has inspired the imagination of Chinese for many centuries, a cowherd and a girl weaver meet on a galaxy-spanning bridge built with birds across the Milky Way on the seventh night of the seventh month of each lunar year. After professing their love, the cowherd is forced to return to his site, the Altair, while his wife sorrowfully remains in the star Vega.
The practice, which means wind and water, caught on with brokers and investors as a quirky method of offering thoughts on investment prospects for the new lunar year.
This maintained the real length of the year at 365 and a quarter days, while accommodating a lunar year in which twelve lunations would cover only 354 days.
Every year, in the last week of the outgoing Chinese Lunar year, preparations for the spring festival commence.
Early calendars marked the start of the new year in March, but when the second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius, rose to the throne in 713 BC, he synchronized the calendar to the lunar year. That required the addition of January and February.
The Chinese market would remain closed till Feb10, on account of new lunar year.
Zhou Youbin, head of the Chinese consulate in Laoag City, was guest of honor and speaker, together with Mayor Mauricio Domogan at the awarding rites during the celebration of Chinese Lunar Year of the Baguio Filipino-Chinese Community on Wednesday at Hotel Supreme, Baguio City.
As the Chinese would greet you today, "Gong Hei Fat Choy!" it is the New Lunar Year of the Pig.
On Lunar Year's Eve and Lunar New Year's Day, brief showers will be more likely in northern and eastern Taiwan, while scattered showers are possible in southern and central Taiwan.
It's the Chinese folk's month of hungry ghosts all over Asia, centered around the 15th night of the 7th lunar year, when they believe the gates of the next world open, permitting all ghosts to receive food and drink.
We have a lunar year and a solar year, using the starts to measure the seasons.