lusterware


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lusterware,

kind of pottery with an overglaze finish containing copper and silver or other materials that give the effect of iridescence. The process may have been invented and was certainly first popularized by Islamic potters of the 9th cent. The most beautiful and brilliantly colored ware—pottery that was made between 836 and 883 for the Abbasid caliphs—has been found at Samarra. During the reign (10th–12th cent.) of the Fatimids in Egypt a high standard was maintained. Iranian and Egyptian potters continued to produce lusterware, while in Europe it was manufactured chiefly in Spain and then in Italy, where in the 15th cent. it was sometimes used to enhance majolica. In England the technique came into vogue in the 19th cent. and was utilized by Josiah WedgwoodWedgwood, Josiah,
1730–95, English potter, descendant of a family of Staffordshire potters and perhaps the greatest of all potters. At the age of nine he went to work at the plant owned by his brother Thomas in Burslem, and in 1751, with a partner, he started in business.
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 and Josiah SpodeSpode, Josiah, I,
1733–97, English potter. He founded a pottery firm in 1770 at Stoke-on-Trent in the Staffordshire pottery district. Creating many of his patterns after Japanese designs, he developed a highly effective method of transfer printing with blue underglazes.
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References in periodicals archive ?
By the 11th century the technique and style of this lusterware had become more widespread and, by the 13th century, large quantities of this pottery were being imported to Italy from Moorish Spain.
Kato was a leading figure in the restoration of Persian lusterware ceramics that had disappeared around the 16th to 17th centuries and also in the restoration of three-color glaze ceramics, the oldest Japanese pottery technique developed in the Nara Period (710-794).
Not only does her choice of imagery relate to Safavid painting, but also her technique is in the tradition of fine Persian pottery, and even the revival of lusterware, which took place in Iran in the 17th century.
Coveting the well- preserved secrets of Moorish potters, Deruta in Umbria was the first town to produce lusterware, a highly sophisticated technique involving the layering of colors and a third firing to create a dizzying gold and red iridescent effect.