Luteinizing Hormone

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Related to lutropin: prolactin, follitropin

luteinizing hormone

[′lüd·ē·ə‚nīz·iŋ ′hȯr‚mōn]
(biochemistry)
A glycoprotein hormone secreted by the adenohypophysis of vertebrates which stimulates hormone production by interstitial cells of gonads. Abbreviated LH. Also known as interstitial-cell-stimulating hormone (ICSH).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Luteinizing Hormone

 

(LH; also, interstitial cell-stimulating hormone, or ICSH), one of the gonadotropic hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary.

Chemically, LH is a glycoprotein whose physical and chemical properties differ from species to species (in sheep, the molecular weight of LH is 40,000; in swine, 100,000). In females, LH stimulates the growth of the follicles in the stages preceding estrus and ovulation, in ovulation, and during the formation of the corpus luteum. A deficiency of LH in rats and guinea pigs leads to continuous estrus, a result of the abnormal enlargement of the follicles that did not undergo ovulation. The action of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) on the follicle is necessary before LH can exert its influence on the ovary. Ovulation, which is induced by LH, depends on the stage of follicular development, for which both the action time of LH and an optimal ratio of LH to FSH are important. For example, in cats and rabbits, the most effective ratio is 1:100. In males, LH stimulates interstitial testicular tissue and the secretion of the male sex hormone testosterone.

V. M. SAMSONOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Double-label time-resolved immunofluorometry of lutropin and follitropin in serum.
[3] Nonstandard abbreviations: EG, estrone-3-glucuronide; PG, pregnanediol-3[alpha]-glucuronide; EMU, early morning urine; LH, lutropin; hCG, human chorionic gonadotropin; FIA, fluorescence immunoassay; BSA, bovine serum albumin; and TBS, Tris-buffered saline.
Figure 4 shows results of high-replicate-number calibration curve analysis of a GH chemiluminescence assay (GH Chemi) and a lutropin (LH) IRMA.
hCG free [alpha] is immunologically indistinguishable from lutropin, follitropin, and thyrotropin free [alpha].
The changes of serum CA VI concentrations may be linked both to the periodicity in the expression and to the rapid clearance from the bloodstream, the latter being supported by the recent findings that CA VI bears unique Asn-linked oligosaccharides terminating with GaINAc-4-S[O.sub.4], known to enhance the clearance of lutropin from the circulation via a specific receptor in liver [17].
The early follicular phase is characterized by relatively high plasma concentrations of follitropin (FSH) (4) and by low concentrations of lutropin (LH), estradiol, progesterone, and inhibin.
We also determined the reference ranges for the Immuno 1 estradiol, progesterone, follitropin (FSH), and lutropin (LH) assays throughout the menstrual cycle.