--., 1981.- The "False Head" hypothesis: predation and wing pattern variation of Lycaenid
Host specificity revisited: new data on Myrraica host ants of the lycaenid
butterfly Maculinea rebeli.
Tentacles and Newcomer gland, the myrmecophilous structures characteristic of the lycaenid
larvae could be seen in the caterpillars.
Because of their habitat loss, many lycaenid
species are listed as threatened in Red Data Books in many European countries (van Swaay and Warren 1999).
may be numerous during early October but adult abundance may continue throughout this month until December.
butterflies and plants: is myrmecophily associated with particular hostplant preferences?
Another small Lycaenid
butterfly, the Western Pygmy Blue Brephidium exilis, a native of arid south-western North America, has established itself in the Arabian Gulf region, from Northern Oman to Kuwait, apparently over the past 25 years (see, e.g., Pittaway et al.
Finally we give the remark, that the trait of ventrally red coloured abdomen so typical for some Neotropical eumaeine lycaenid
genera (for example Atlides, Eumaeus, Thecloxurina), which most probably advertises toxicity, lacks in Theorema (and also in Eumaeus childrenae).
Plant-herbivore coevolution: lupines and lycaenids
. Science 162:671-672.
For example, adults of the lycaenid
butterfly, Euphilotes enoptes, seldom disperse more than 1 km (Arnold 1983; Peterson 1997), and yet genetic isolation by distance in this species is only evident over distances exceeding 100 km, apparently because stepping-stone gene flow homogenizes allele frequencies over a large spatial scale (Peterson 1995, 1996).
Jammed amongst material of "Thecla barajo" and its relatives in the Main Butterfly collection of the Natural History Museum, London (cabinet series 28A, drawer number 68) since almost a century, a large, curious female lycaenid
butterfly specimen was curated as an undescribed species by Frederick Goodson (BALINT, 2005a).
Coevolution: Patterns of legume predation by a lycaenid