Ultrafiltration membranes have been formed consisting of a lyotropic liquid crystal
polymer porous membrane on a porous support.
To create a breathable barrier, Gin and his colleagues turned to a lyotropic liquid crystal
, which has two different ends: one water loving, the other water repelling.
Water/oil emulsions, emulsifier properties, and lyotropic liquid crystals
are covered together.
They begin by describing liquid crystal materials, including thermotropic liquid crystalline materials, lyotropic liquid crystals
, and amphotropic liquid crystals.
They belong to the two general classes referred to as thermotropic and lyotropic liquid crystals
. Thermotropic liquid crystals are formed by heating solids and lyotropic liquid crystals
are formed by dissolving solids in liquids.
The topics include the physics of self-assembly of lyotropic liquid crystals
, the nanocharacterization of lyotropic liquid crystalline systems, hierarchically organized systems based on liquid crystalline phases, recent developments in lyotropic liquid crystals
as drug delivery vehicles, and stimulus-responsive lipid-based self-assembled systems.