macaque


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

macaque

(məkäk`), name for Old World monkeysmonkey,
any of a large and varied group of mammals of the primate order. The term monkey includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, ape, or prosimian; however, monkeys do have certain common features.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of the genus Macaca, related to mangabeys, mandrills, and baboons. All but one of the 19 species are found in Asia from Afghanistan to Japan, the Philippines, and Borneo. Macaques can be slight, with very long tails, or stocky, with short limbs and a short tail or, in a few species, no tail. They are highly intelligent and display a great variety of calls and facial expressions. A typical macaque is the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) of S Asia. It is yellowish brown with a pale, naked face and a tail about half as long as the body. A large male may reach a body length of 2 ft (60 cm). Rhesus monkeys live in social groups of 25–60 individuals in forests and on rocky hillsides, ranging to high altitudes. Omnivorous feeders, they often raid cultivated fields and gardens. The rhesus monkey has been widely used in medical and other scientific experiments; the Rh blood factor, found in humans as well as monkeys, is named for it. The stump-tailed macaque (M. arctaides) is a nearly tailless, very hairy macaque with a naked pink face, found at high altitudes in SE Asia. One of its close relatives the Japanese macaque (M. fuscata) is the northernmost primate other than man. Its social organization has been extensively studied, and it has been found that there are culturally transmitted behavioral differences among different troops. The single non-Asian macaque is the so-called Barbary ape (M. sylvanus), a large, tailless species of NW Africa, with one colony on the Rock of Gibraltar; it is the only nonhuman primate found in Europe. Macaques are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, family Cercopithecidae.

macaque

[mə′kak]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for 12 species of Old World monkeys composing the genus Macaca, including the Barbary ape and the rhesus monkey.

macaque

any of various Old World monkeys of the genus Macaca, inhabiting wooded or rocky regions of Asia and Africa. Typically the tail is short or absent and cheek pouches are present
References in periodicals archive ?
Few macaques survive in the current model, making it difficult to study virus persistence and its long-term impacts.
The three juvenile Sulawesi crested macaques jumped 20 feet from a climbing frame in their habitat on to an electric fence overhang, before running riot in the grounds.
Human visitors to the state park are most likely to be exposed through contact with saliva from macaque bites and scratches or from contact with virus shed through urine and feces," the researchers wrote in their analysis.
The photographer involved in the lawsuit agreed to donate 25% of the proceeds from future sales of the "monkey selfie" photos to organisations dedicated to protecting and improving the welfare and habitat of Naruto and other crested black macaques in Indonesia.
With the zika virus -- which can cause serious birth defects in babies if contracted during the early stages of pregnancy -- spreading across the world, bio- medical research on macaques has become more important, as scientists believe these ani- mals can help develop a cure or vaccine for the virus.
In 2014, a macaque named Naruto made headlines after taking a number of "selfies" with a wildlife photographer's camera.
And while exports of macaques fell between 2014 and 2015, the business is set to grow as new breeding farms are being set up on the island.
The importance of testosterone in regulating some aspects of male reproductive physiology has been widely documented in several primate taxa, for example, rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) (Wallen, 2001; Jahan et al.
The victims had tried to fight the creature off, but it was determined to defend itself typical to macaques that perceive threats.
The new study, published July 25 in Scientific Reports by Kobinger and a different group of collaborators, found no evidence that sick macaques could give the virus to healthy monkeys through airborne particles.
The country's last great macaque hotspots include the lowland forests of Subic Bay in Zambales, the labyrinthine mangrove swamps of Palawan, and Bud Bongaoin Tawi-Tawi - a holy mountain guarded by droves of monkeys.