I understood stuff about individual-microsystem (family), mesosystem (interactions between two microsystems - so, like, yours with the families of your cousins), exosystem (more removed; the community, your dad's workplace), the macrosystem
(the culture in which we live), and chronosystem (the long-term effects of, say, your parents' divorce on, say, your kids).
Using a phenomenological approach to analyze the outcomes of focus group interviews, the authors identified themes at the ontogenic, microsystem, and macrosystem
a parent's job); (d) the macrosystem
, which considers more distal systems that have relevance, meaning, and implications for broader societal and cultural patterns and rules (e.
Finally, the macrosystem
, the most distal from the youth, consists of the worldview and values supported by the adolescent's culture as reflected in the media and political and economic structures.
This brings in the role of the exosystem, macrosystem
and the chronosystems as well.
The Ecological Model explores individuals' microsystem (relationships between persons and their immediate environment, such as family and work) and macrosystem
(relationships between persons' beliefs about solutions for behavior change and daily routines) (Bronfenbrenner, 1977).
The most distal environmental settings and dynamics are at the macrosystem
level (broad ideological and institutional features).
Given the changes to accreditation and the growing use of digital documentation as part of this process, the macrosystem
underpins the need for the pre-service teacher to work in this way.
Comparison between the variables of the macrosystem
in the experimental and control groups.
In this study, I conceptualize household decision-making as reflective of couple-level interactions, but one that is influenced by the macrosystem
(states) within which the family is situated.
This model is especially useful in accounting for the layers of a student's life and experience because it accounts for all the spheres of influence on individuals and the systems in which they operate: the individual, microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem
, and chronosystem levels (see Figure 9.
includes the much broader cultural and political systems in which the individual or group is located.