The central macula
can now be evaluated using OCT automated segmentation mapping, similar to retinal measurements, and choroidal thickness can also be measured with Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study subfield segmentations.
Myopia, axial length, and OCT characteristics of the macula
in Singaporean children.
Fundus examination showed persistent sclerosis of the RAM, with reduced lipid exudate in the macula
In the iStent group, the flow density (whole en face), as measured in the superficial and deep OCT angiogram of the macula
and in the RPC of the ONH, improved significantly after surgery (superficial OCT angiogram: before: 44.6 [+ or -] 2.9; after: 47.6 [+ or -] 4.5; p = 0.002; deep OCT angiogram: before: 50.9 [+ or -] 3.6; after: 53.0 [+ or -] 4.2; p = 0.034; RPC: 43.5 [+ or -] 7.7; after: 45.4 [+ or -] 6.5).
Eyes with spongy oedema showed diffuse thickening of macula
. It mostly involved the outer retinal layers, while the internal layers maintained their normal reflectivity.
Wet AMD (also called neovascular) is when abnormal blood vessels grow beneath the macula
. The vessels can leak, which damages the macula
A large part of the new building will be dedicated to the Retinal Research Institute, which is currently the largest, most active research institute in the country focused exclusively on diseases of the retina, macula
The average flow indices of the four macula
layers were 0.044 [+ or -] 0.011 for the superficial retinal layer, 0.036 [+ or -] 0.011 for deep retinal layer, 0.016 [+ or -] 0.009 for outer retinal layer, and 0.155 [+ or -] 0.013 for choroid layer.
After ethical approval was obtained from institutional review committee, we included all patients with type II diabetes mellitus having non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy with diffuse macular oedema involving the whole macula
, haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) less than 10%, no history of hypertension, and VA of at least 6/60 or better on Snellen's visual acuity chart.
When the macula
deteriorates, it can lead to everything from blurred vision to the distortion of central vision, and even to the complete loss of central vision.
Funduscopy showed a dull macula
area with poor fovea reflex.