macula

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macula

, macule Anatomy
1. a small spot or area of distinct colour, esp the macula lutea
2. any small discoloured spot or blemish on the skin, such as a freckle
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

macula

(mak -yŭ-lă) (plural: maculae) a dark patch on the surface of a planet or satellite. The word is used in the approved name of such a feature.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006

macula

[′mak·yə·lə]
(anatomy)
Any anatomical structure having the form of a spot or stain.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Voltando a figura 3, pode-se observar que, como a orientacao celular varia muito em cada macula, o deslizamento da membrana otolitica em uma determinada direcao provoca, ao mesmo tempo, excitacao em varios grupos celulares e inibicao em outros.
Although other carotenoids can be found in the foods we eat, only zeaxanthin and lutein accumulate in the macula. If taken as a supplement, meso-zeaxanthin is absorbed into the bloodstream and effectively increases macular pigment levels.10 These carotenoids protect the retina by absorbing harmful ultraviolet rays and blue-green light, which can eventually damage the retina and lead to vision loss.
Though there are many existing reports showing that early postoperative OCT macular findings are associated with final visual function [16-25], there are only a few reports examining preoperative structural changes in the macula using up-to-date SD-OCT imaging of the detachment and the association of these changes with visual outcomes [11, 12].