magic realism

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magic realism,

primarily Latin American literary movement that arose in the 1960s. The term has been attributed to the Cuban writer Alejo CarpentierCarpentier, Alejo
, 1904–80, Cuban novelist and musicologist. As a political exile in Paris between 1928 and 1939, Carpentier was strongly influenced by Antonin Artaud, Jacques Prévert, and the surrealists.
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, who first applied it to Latin-American fiction in 1949. Works of magic realism mingle realistic portrayals of ordinary events and characters with elements of fantasy and myth, creating a rich, frequently disquieting world that is at once familiar and dreamlike. The movement's best-known proponent is the Colombian novelist Gabriel García MárquezGarcía Márquez, Gabriel
, 1927–2014, Colombian novelist, short-story writer, and journalist, b. Aracataca. Widely considered one of the great Latin American masters of narrative and one of the finest literary stylists of the 20th cent.
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, who has used the technique many times, most famously in his novel One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967). Other magic realist writers include Guatemala's Miguel Ángel AsturiasAsturias, Miguel Ángel
, 1899–1974, Guatemalan novelist, poet, and diplomat. Living in Paris in the 1920s, Asturias was influenced by Romain Rolland, Valéry, and the surrealists.
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, Argentina's Julio CortázarCortázar, Julio
, 1914–84, Argentine novelist, poet, essayist, and short-story writer, b. Brussels. Moving permanently to France in 1951, Cortázar gradually gained recognition as one of the century's major experimental writers.
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, and Mexico's Carlos FuentesFuentes, Carlos
, 1928–2012, Mexican writer, editor, and diplomat. He was head of the department of cultural relations in Mexico's ministry of foreign affairs (1956–59) and Mexican ambassador to France (1975–77).
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. Non-Latin American writers whose fiction often employs magic realism include Italo CalvinoCalvino, Italo
, 1923–85, Italian novelist. Calvino was one of the most popular novelists of the 20th cent. Although loneliness is an essential condition in his writings, he imbues his stories with passion and celebrates the human capacity for love and imagination.
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 and Salman RushdieRushdie, Sir Salman
, 1947–, British novelist, b. Bombay (now Mumbai, India). He is known for the allusive richness of his language and the wide variety of Eastern and Western characters and cultures he explores.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Magical realism has been often associated with Latin American authors such as Jorge Luis Borges, Gabriel GarcE[degrees]a MEirquez, and Isabel Allende.
These explorations of magical realism echo Theo D'haen's influential analysis of magical realism as that strand of postmodernism that expresses a cynicism toward the center.
Critique: A unique fantasy that combines an Islamic take on 'magical realism' with a compelling, multilayered story that includes romance, adventure, and the introduction to a series of truly memorable characters--some historical but obscure for western readers.
'Christmas X 3' ( ) is an innovative ballet production that cleverly weaves the story, using magical realism storytelling, classic and contemporary dance techniques and immersive theatre elements.
Magical realism is largely absent from academic discussions of Latin American literature today, and Cosmopolitan Desires in fact opens little new ground on it as a topic.
Although "magical realism" derives from Franz Roh's term to describe German post-expressionist art in 1925 (see Bowers 9), it was not applied as a literary label until the late 1940s and early 1950s by critics, scholars, and writers such as Arturo Uslar-Pietri, Alejo Carpentier, and Angel Flores (on magical realism in Russian literature see, e.g., Berlina).
Also in part one, Siskind jumps to the twentieth century to trace the trajectory of magical realism, discussing the interaction of Carpentier, Asturias and Pietri with the European avant-garde, and focusing on Garcia Marquez's Cien anos de soledad as the.
The characters described within his story include PiaseckiAEs dead father and his mother, wife, and daughter, who disappear and reappear throughout the fabric of his life, woven with threads of magical realism and poetry.
Salman Rushdie is not only one of the most prominent postcolonial writers, but also considered to be the most important representative of magical realism outside Latin America.
Fans of fantasy, romance and magical realism will find something to enjoy about this book.