Mainland


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

Mainland.

1 Island (1991 pop. 14,150), 178 sq mi (461 sq km), N Scotland. The largest of the Orkney IslandsOrkney Islands,
archipelago and council area (1991 pop. 19,650), 376 sq mi (974 sq km), N Scotland, consisting of about 70 islands in the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, N of Scottish mainland across the Pentland Firth. About 20 islands are inhabited.
..... Click the link for more information.
, it is also called Pomona. KirkwallKirkwall
, town (1991 pop. 5,867), N Scotland, on the east coast of Mainland Island. It is the trading center and administrative seat of the Orkney Islands, with exports of eggs, fish, whiskey, cattle, and sheep.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the seat of the Orkney Islands council area, is on the island. Kirkwall Bay and Scapa Flow deeply indent its shores. The interior has hills, moors, several lakes, and fertile valleys. Cattle and sheep are raised; eggs are a leading product. A distilling industry is there. Local customs in some districts reveal the Norse ancestry of many of the inhabitants. There are numerous Pictish remains—mounds, underground dwellings, circles, and standing stones. Most famous of these are MaeshoweMaeshowe
or Maes Howe
, prehistoric monument, on Mainland in the Orkney Islands, off N Scotland, near Stenness (see Stenness, Loch of). A passage grave with a corbeled vault, it measures 115 ft (35 m) in diameter and 23 ft (7 m) high.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and the Standing Stones of StennessStenness, Loch of
, lake on Mainland island, in the Orkneys, off N Scotland. A headland between Harray and Stenness lochs holds the Standings Stones of Stenness, a ring of flat slabs surrounded by a ditch and bank (henge); it dates from before c.2500 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Skara BraeSkara Brae
, Stone Age village, on Mainland in the Orkney Islands, N Scotland. Dating from c.3200 to 2200 B.C., the village was preserved under a sand dune until uncovered by a storm in 1851. It contains seven underground chambers furnished with stone dressers, tables, and beds.
..... Click the link for more information.
 is an excavated Stone Age village. 2 Island, 375 sq mi (971 sq km), extreme N Scotland. It is the largest of the Shetland IslandsShetland Islands
, island group and council area (1993 est. pop. 22,830), 551 sq mi (1,427 sq km), extreme N Scotland, NE of the Orkney Islands. Formerly the county of Shetland or Zetland
..... Click the link for more information.
. LerwickLerwick
, island town (1991 est. pop. 7,336), Shetland Islands, extreme N Scotland. Lerwick is the northernmost town in Great Britain. Located on the southeastern coast of Mainland island, it has fishing and hosiery industries.
..... Click the link for more information.
, located in the southeastern part of Mainland, is the principal town of the islands. Remains of a prehistoric village at Jarlshof exist.

mainland

[′mān·lənd]
(geography)
A continuous body of land that constitutes the main part of a country or continent.

mainland

1. the main part of a land mass as opposed to an island or peninsula
2. the mainland a particular landmass as viewed from a nearby island with which it has close links, such as Great Britain as viewed from Northern Ireland or continental Australia as viewed from Tasmania

Mainland

1. an island off N Scotland: the largest of the Shetland Islands. Chief town: Lerwick. Pop.: 17 550 (2001). Area: about 583 sq. km (225 sq. miles)
2. an island off N Scotland: the largest of the Orkney Islands. Chief town: Kirkwall. Pop.: 15 315 (2001). Area: 492 sq. km (190 sq. miles)
3. the Mainland NZ a South Islanders' name for South Island
References in classic literature ?
The most striking and important fact for us in regard to the inhabitants of islands, is their affinity to those of the nearest mainland, without being actually the same species.
New Zealand in its endemic plants is much more closely related to Australia, the nearest mainland, than to any other region: and this is what might have been expected; but it is also plainly related to South America, which, although the next nearest continent, is so enormously remote, that the fact becomes an anomaly.
At length one day it struck me that my prison had grown much larger, and that the mainland seemed to be nearer.
Among other plans Bradley had thought of constructing a covered raft upon which they might drift to the mainland; but as such a contrivance would necessarily be of considerable weight, it must be built in the water of the sea, since they could not hope to move it even a short distance overland.
Always he was planning on reaching the mainland, and never a day passed that he did not go to the top of the hill and look out across the sea toward the dark, distant line that meant for him comparative freedom and possibly reunion with his comrades.
On reaching the mainland the Giant took a friendly farewell of Ring, and told him he might take possession of all that was in the island after he and his wife died, which would happen within two weeks from that time.
Against this possibility I urged him to hasten the building of a fleet of small sailing-vessels, which we might utilize should I find it impossible to entice Hooja's horde to the mainland.
The scheme provides sponsorship for Hong Kong students wishing to pursue tertiary education in Mainland China and covers 13 universities, including Peking University, Tsinghua University, Renmin University of China, Beijing Normal University, Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Zhejiang University, Nanjing University, Xiamen University, Sun Yat-sen University, Sichuan University, Chongqing University and Zhengzhou University.
HONG KONG - Hong Kong protesters are set to rally for a second day on Sunday in an area popular with mainland Chinese shoppers as anger over the government's handling of an extradition bill revives other grievances, such as an influx of cross-border visitors.
Investar Holding announced the receipt of the necessary regulatory approvals from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Louisiana Office of Financial Institutions for its previously announced pending acquisition of Mainland Bank, Texas City, Texas.
A new high-speed rail link between Hong Kong and mainland China launched Sunday, a multi-billion-dollar project that critics say gives away part of the city's territory to an increasingly assertive Beijing.
BEIJING -- Overseas NGOs must secure approval from Chinese authorities before they can operate on the Chinese mainland, according to a new law adopted by China's top legislature.