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Music of or relating to the style of jazz that lies between the traditional and the modern
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an American literary and sociopolitical magazine, published from 1911 to 1962. The magazine was called Masses in 1911–17, Liberator in 1918–24, New Masses in 1926–47, Masses and Mainstream in 1948–57, and Mainstream in 1957–62.

In the first decade of the 20th century, Mainstream attracted progressive writers, including J. Reed, W. O’Neill, and C. Sandburg. It printed a shortened translation of V. I. Lenin’s “Letters to American Workers” and M. Gorky’s memoirs about V. I. Lenin. In the fall of 1919, Mainstream became the organ of the Communist Party of the USA. In the 1930’s, after overcoming sectarian mistakes, Mainstream played an outstanding role in uniting American writers on a broad antifascist and general democratic platform. It printed works by T. Dreiser, E. Hemingway, T. Wolfe, E. Caldwell, and M. Gold.

Mainstream defended socialist realism and democratic and revolutionary national traditions and called for the assimilation of the methods of Soviet literature. In the late 1940’s and early 1950’s the magazine condemned decadent bourgeois art and McCarthyism and spoke out in favor of world peace. During those years, Mainstream printed P. Bonosky, J. H. Lawson, W. Du Bois, J. North, and S. Finkelstein.


Gilenson, B. A. “la videl rozhdenie novogo mira: Publitsistika Dzhona Rida 1917–1920 gg.” Voprosy literatury, 1961, no. 11.
Echoes of Revolt: “The Masses” 1911–1917. Edited by W. O’Neill. Chicago, 1966.
“New Masses”: An Anthology of the Rebel Thirties. Edited by J. North. New York, 1969.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mainstreamers of this research attempted to manage the tension between their identification with governing images propagated by public health and their desire for pleasure by regulating their alcohol and other drug use in certain ways.
Mainstreamers have baseline capabilities for automation and efficiency.
Societies with Mainstreamers forming between 30 and 60% of the population include Angola, Ghana and Kenya.
Taguchi and Forsythe: (1) to encourage other mainstream oncologists to honor the treatment preferences of patients; (2) to interest other mainstreamers in truly integrating alternative with standard cancer care.
Psychologists and self-help household names relied on to reinforce points are positivity mainstreamers like Scott Peck Gary Zhukov and Marianne Williamson.
Mainstreamers in turn see critical approaches, when taken to their antipositivist extreme, as becoming empirically inaccurate and detached from the real world.
The more prestige these mainstreamers have in their own fields, the better.
Believe me, these Jewish-Israeli mainstreamers are not natural-born monsters.
It targeted those seen by mainstreamers as the scum of society: Negroes, Mexicans and jazz musicians.
It's a small, peculiar film unlikely to appeal to women, non-sports fans and mainstreamers, but its uncomfortable comic insights should win a loyal following in limited theatrical play and down the line when served up at home with beer and pizza.
Then, as it often is with art that is not as literal or figurative as many mainstreamers seem to like, she sat in her booth and waited while festival and fair goers hemmed and hawed over her more interpretive pieces.
But don't forget (even if you've tried) that bland mainstreamers M People are former winners, and the only true limelightshunning act to win this decade are 2005 winners Antony And The Johnsons.