Malacca


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Malacca:

see MelakaMelaka
or Malacca
, state (1991 pop. 504,502), 640 sq mi (1,658 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, on the Strait of Malacca. Formerly one of the Straits Settlements, it was constituted a state of Malaya in 1957 (see Malaysia).
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, Malaysia.

Malacca

 

a state in Malaysia, in the southwestern part of the Malay Peninsula on a coastal plain. Area, 1,600 sq km. Population, 403,700 (1970), of which 52 percent is Malaysian and 40 percent is Chinese. Its capital is the city of Malacca, where about one-fourth of the state’s population is concentrated. The cultivation and primary processing of rubber is the basis of Malacca’s economy. Rice, coconuts, and oil palm are also raised. Coastal fishing is an important occupation. Bauxite is mined in the state. The mining of tin ores has been discontinued because the deposits are exhausted.


Malacca

 

a city and port in Malaysia on the coast of the Malay Peninsula; administrative center of the state of Malacca. Population, 99,200 (1970), of which 73 percent is Chinese. Until the 19th century, it was a major Southeast Asian port; it declined in the second half of that century. The freight turnover today is about 200,000 tons. Rubber and copra are exported. Industry includes vegetable-oil mills and enterprises for the initial processing of rubber.

Malacca arose in 1402. Until 1511 it was the capital of the Malacca sultanate and the largest port in Southeast Asia. From 1511 to 1641 it was a colony of Portugal, serving as the most important bastion of Portuguese dominion in Southeast Asia. Malacca was seized by the Dutch in 1641 and by Great Britain in 1795. It was returned to Holland in 1818. In 1824, Malacca was transferred by Holland to Great Britain (in accord with the treaty on division of spheres of influence in Southeast Asia), becoming the administrative center of the Malacca settlement. In 1826 it was included in the British colonial holdings in Malaya (Straits Settlements). From 1946 to 1948 it was part of the British colony of the Malayan Union, which in 1948 was trans-formed into the Federation of Malaya. In 1957, after the declaration of the independent Federation of Malaya, it became the administrative center of the state of Malacca. It has preserved the same status in the state of Malaysia, which was formed in 1963.

Malacca

a state of SW Peninsular Malaysia: rubber plantations. Capital: Malacca. Pop.: 635 791 (2000). Area: 1650 sq. km (637 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Washington [USA], August 22 ( ANI ): United States President Donald Trump has offered condolences to the US Navy sailors who were aboard the US Navy guided-missile destroyer USS John S McCain which collided with a merchant ship Alnic MC in waters east of Singapore and the Straits of Malacca.
State Transport, Rehabilitation Projects and International Trade Committee chairman Datuk Lim Ban Hong (pix) said that as a popular tourist destination it was key for Malacca to have effective and advanced bus service to encourage more tourists to visit the state.
I hope the 'Belt and Road' initiative would bring back the prosperity Malacca used to enjoy," Idris Haron, the chief minister, told Xinhua on Wednesday, two days before leaders of Southeast Asian countries and the world's major economies meet here for the 27th ASEAN Summit and Related Summits.
We will have data of where the aircraft ran into trouble, in marked contrast to MH370 which was lost' over Malacca Straits,' said the expert.
The Strait of Malacca is the shortest sea route between African and Arabian Gulf suppliers and Asian consumers.
Afterwards, he got to the Strait of Malacca," the army representative said.
Hamid gives a detailed picture of Malacca Sultanate and its maritime zones in the Strait of Malacca, which was and still is one of the most important straits used for international navigation.
The crude distillation unit of the Malacca refinery on Malaysia's west coast, owned by state energy firm Petronas and US oil firm Phillips 66, has restarted after being shut since mid-June, industry sources said.
It then goes on to refers to the use of Indian territory to look over the strategically important Straits of Malacca, which carries about a quarter of all oil that is transported.
The Iranian commander further said a USS destroyer registered under hull number DDG106 came across Iran Navy's 24th fleet at the Strait of Malacca and asked for permission to approach it.
At present, about 80 per cent of China's crude oil imports are transported through the strategically important Strait of Malacca, but the new oil pipeline is expected to reduce China's reliance on that route by about one-third," report Jamil Anderlini and Gwen Robinson for the Financial Times.
The great missionary who died on Sancian Island, off the coast of China, was buried in a Chapel on the Mount Malacca (St Paul's Hill) before the body was taken to Goa in 1553.