Renal Parenchymal malakoplakia
: a different stage of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis?
The most common type of granuloma was tuberculous granulomas 63 (73.28%) followed by granuloma of cutaneous leishmaniasis 08 (9.30%), fungal granulomas 05 (5.81%), foreign body granulomas 04 (4.65%), leprosy 03 (3.84%) and one each (1.16%) of necrobiotic granuloma, sarcoid granuloma and malakoplakia
is a rare inflammatory condition affecting gastrointestinal tract having distinct histopathological characteristics.
is thought to be associated with infection.
To our knowledge, this is the first report describing prostatic malakoplakia
(iv) Nephrogenic adenoma has been stated to be associated with inflammation , intravesical BCG instillations , calculi , chronic catheterization , exstrophy , interstitial cystitis , intravesical thiotepa instillations , malakoplakia
, Mullerian lesions , and surgery (in adults prostatic lesions, in children congenital lesion) .
Two diagnoses were considered: malakoplakia
and Whipple disease (WD).
: Pathogenesis and ultrastructural morphogenesis.
Other immunologic-associated cutaneous disorders that have been reported in HCV patients include Behcet's syndrome, erythema nodosum, lichen amyloidosis, erythema multiforme, malakoplakia
, urticaria, and pruritus, Dr.
It has other variants like xanthogranulomatous types, Granulomatous cystitis, metaplastic changes and malakoplakia
(23) are also noted.
When working on a renal biopsy specimen obtained from a renal mass, in our opinion the following questions should be raised and appropriate diagnostic approaches should be taken: (1) Is this a low-grade renal epithelial neoplasm or a reactive condition, such as reactive tubules in xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, interstitial nephritis due to viral infection, malakoplakia
, or other benign condition?