Mallein

(redirected from mallein test)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mallein

 

a biological preparation used to test for the presence of glanders in horses, donkeys, and mules. It was developed by the Russian researchers Kh. I. Gel’man and O. I. Kal’ning, independently of one another, in 1891. Mallein is prepared from a typical strain of the glanders microorganism Bacterium mallei. It is applied in three principal ways: ophthalmically, subcutaneously, or intradermally.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Initially, the horses were screened through mallein test and later their nasal swabs were tested by real time PCR for the detection of B.
Keywords: Burkholderia mallei, draught horses, mallein test, real time PCR, PCA analysis.
In Pakistan, the disease is primarily diagnosed by clinical signs and suspected animals are subsequently subjected to mallein test for screening.
Due to poor resources and diagnostic facilities horses suffering from chronic respiratory problem are usually not subjected to mallein test and therefore may serve as reservoir of infection.
All the animals were subjected to mallein test. Nasal secretions were taken by rotating the swabs gently in the nostrils.
mallei based on Mallein test and Real Time PCR in draught horses.
The Mallein test reaction was significantly linked to PC1 (p a$?
A delayed-type hypersensitivity test (Mallein test) is recommended for screening of equines in remote endemic areas (OIE, 2015).
Hence in a country like Pakistan, which is endemic with strangles (Ijazet al., 2010), screening of horses only through mallein test is not a reliable approach (Khan et al., 2012).
The OIE approved mallein test and complement fixation test (CFT)--commonly used for the diagnosis of glanders--suffer from lack of sensitivity particularly in clinically advanced cases [14, 15], and additionally mallein test causes transient seroconversions in healthy uninfected animals [16].
Asi, "Comparative evaluation of Rose Bengal plate agglutination test, mallein test, and some conventional serological tests for diagnosis of equine glanders," Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, vol.
Olson, "Serologic responses to the mallein test for glanders in solipeds," Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, vol.