Malleolus

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malleolus

[mə′lē·ə·ləs]
(anatomy)
A projection on the distal end of the tibia and fibula at the ankle.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Malleolus

 

the peripheral process at which terminate the inner surface of the distal (that is, from the trunk) epiphysis of the tibia (the inner malleolus) and the lower, thickened end of the fibula (the outer malleolus). Both malleoli have flat articular surfaces and hold the articular surface (trochlea) of the talus in a fork.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In conclusion, the results of the present study indicate that there is no advantage to the use of the syndesmotic screw in terms of the functional outcome after stable fixation of the lateral and supracollicular medial malleoli in PER injury fractures.
(i) Shank: the distal diameter corresponds to the distance between femoral epicondyles, the proximal diameter corresponds to the distance between malleoli, the height of the cone corresponds to the distance between KC and AC.
- Danish medical device developer Reapplix is funding a new clinical study for LeucoPatch, on the healing of ulcers on the malleoli, the company said.
A line was marked beginning at a point midway between lateral malleoli and Achilles tendon and extending superiorly, in between the two heads of gastrocnemius corresponding to the proximal one third and distal two thirds of the leg.
The examiner stood along the lateral side of the limb being measured and placed one hand behind the distal tibia above the malleoli. The examiner used the other hand to hold the digital inclinometer on the lateral malleolus.
The tibiotalar joint axis passes distally to the tip of each malleolus; its position may be estimated by placing the tips of your fingers at the most distal ends of the malleoli. At this position the fingers would be over the transverse axis of the tibiotalar joint.
The most prominent points of the medial and lateral malleoli were identified and the string passing these two points was used to indicate the intermalleolar line (IML).
Clinically, actual limb length discrepancy can be approximated by measuring the distance from anterior superior iliac spines to the medial malleoli, bilaterally.
Objective: To study the functional outcome of surgically managed closed bimalleolar fractures of ankle in adults; to evaluate restoration of the anatomy of malleoli and ankle perfectly by operative treatment with internal fixation; to assess the union of fractures after surgical management; and to achieve stable fixation and early mobilization of the ankle.
These wounds are commonly located in areas exhibiting less subcutaneous fat (i.e., medial/lateral malleoli) and in hypovascularized areas.
The markers were directly placed over the following anatomical landmarks: bilateral anterior and posterior superior iliac spines; unilateral greater trochanter; lateral and medial femoral epicondyles; lateral and medial tibial condyles; lateral and medial malleoli; calcaneus; and top of the foot at the base of the second metatarsal.