mammography


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mammography,

diagnostic procedure that uses low-dose X rays to detect abnormalities in the breasts. Tomosynthesis, also known as 3D mammography, is form of mammography that combines X-ray images taken at multiple angles to produce a single three-dimensional image. The early diagnosis of breast cancerbreast cancer,
cancer that originates in the breast. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women (following lung cancer). Although the vast majority of the cases occur in women, some men also get breast cancer.
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 made possible by the routine use of mammography for screening women increases a woman's treatment alternatives and improves her chances of surviving the cancer. Mammograms can detect tumors too small to be noticed on physical examination. The recommended timing for a baseline first mammogram and subsequent mammograms varies depending on a woman's risk for breast cancer, but several medical advisory groups recommend beginning at age 40 or 45 for a woman with an average risk for breast cancer.

mammography

[ma′mäg·rə·fē]
(medicine)
Radiographic examination of the breast, performed with or without injection of the glandular ducts with a contrast medium.
References in periodicals archive ?
senior author, and her co-researchers analyzed screening mammography metrics for 23,958 women at the University of Pennsylvania Hospital over a four-year period.
Our radiologists appreciate the ability to read mammography and general radiology exams from the same PACS workstation.
The 25-year cumulative mortality from breast cancer detected during the screening period was similar between the women in the mammography arm and the control arm (hazard ratio, 1.
This is a strategic order for us as it is the first in North America," Jesper Soderqvist, head of Sectra's mammography operations, said.
Using Sectra's mammography system, Sectra MicroDose Mammography, four of Trillium Imaging Associates' clinics will be able to offer women mammography examinations with the lowest possible radiation dose.
The average breast radiation dose per view was 22 percent lower for digital than film mammography.
A total of 2,637 women aged 25-91 years underwent both mammography and one ultrasound exam at 21 international sites in 2004-2006.
counties had no mammography machine in 2004, and although that does not always translate into an access problem, the report said many women who already lack ready access to health care services face long wait times or travel to get a mammogram.
Initially, it may be complementary to mammography and eventually move toward replacement .
The Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network (CISNET) Collaborators used 7 independent statistical models of breast cancer incidence and mortality to assess the relative and absolute contributions of screening mammography and adjuvant treatment in the nearly 25% decline in breast cancer mortality seen in the United States since 1975.
Early detection is the key to breast cancer survival,'' said Daniel Kirsch, mammography and medical director of the Sheila R.
Modern mammography has only existed since 1969 when the first x-ray machines used just for breast imaging were available.