mammography


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mammography,

diagnostic procedure that uses low-dose X rays to detect abnormalities in the breasts. Tomosynthesis, also known as 3D mammography, is form of mammography that combines X-ray images taken at multiple angles to produce a single three-dimensional image. The early diagnosis of breast cancerbreast cancer,
cancer that originates in the breast. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women (following lung cancer). Although the vast majority of the cases occur in women, some men also get breast cancer.
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 made possible by the routine use of mammography for screening women increases a woman's treatment alternatives and improves her chances of surviving the cancer. Mammograms can detect tumors too small to be noticed on physical examination. The recommended timing for a baseline first mammogram and subsequent mammograms varies depending on a woman's risk for breast cancer, but several medical advisory groups recommend beginning at age 40 or 45 for a woman with an average risk for breast cancer.

mammography

[ma′mäg·rə·fē]
(medicine)
Radiographic examination of the breast, performed with or without injection of the glandular ducts with a contrast medium.
References in periodicals archive ?
* decreased false positives with 3D mammography, beneficial as research has shown that due to the anxiety they create, false positives can lead women to delay or avoid future screenings
Of 555,705 patients, 33.4 percent underwent mammography. The researchers found that women who underwent index screening mammography were more likely than unscreened women to later undergo Papanicolaou test (odds ratio, 1.49), bone mass measurement (odds ratio, 1.70), and influenza vaccine (odds ratio, 1.45), when adjusting for patient demographics, comorbidities, geographic covariates, and baseline preventive care.
Widespread Insurance Coverage: 3D mammography exams are covered for 86% of insured lives across the nation.
Breast density is determined on mammography and is categorized as fatty, scattered fibroglandular, heterogeneously dense, or extremely dense (FIGURE 2, page 41).
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is the next stage in the evolution of mammography, following on the heels of full-field digital mammography (FFDM).
Naeem Laghari said Pakistani women have the highest risk of breast cancer and it was a high time to initiate drastic action for educating the society for the prevention of the disease by regular screening through mammography.
Results: Taking Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) grade 4A as the critical point, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of mammography was 90.80% (109/120), 84.60% (126/149) and 87.40% (235/269); taking BI-RADS grade 4B as the critical point, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of mammography was 85.00% (102/120), 93.30% (139/149) and 89.60% (241/269); the correlation analysis suggested that, there was some kind of correlation between the mammography performance and clinical features of breast cancer.
Lower mortality risk There has been relatively little research into the benefits of mammography in women age 75 and older, even though the risk for breast cancer increases with age.
In January, the task force released new breast cancer screening recommendations after an in-depth review of the benefits and harms of mammography as well as input from the public and health care professionals.
The findings published in JAMA Oncology provide longitudinal evidence that the benefits of 3D Mammography exams--fewer women called back, more cancer cases found in recalled patients, and fewer cancers diagnosed between regular scheduled screenings--can be sustained and even improved over time with consecutive use.
The setup of the mobile mammography van is very similar to what is found in any clinic.