Mandan

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Mandan

(măn`dăn, –dən), indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The Mandan were a sedentary tribe of the Plains area and were culturally connected with their neighbors on the Missouri River, the ArikaraArikara
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Caddoan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). Archaeological evidence shows that they occupied the banks of the upper Missouri River since at least the 14th cent.
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 and the HidatsaHidatsa
, Native North Americans, also known as the Minitari and the Gros Ventre. Their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages).
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. The Mandan had certain distinctive cultural traits, which included a myth of origin in which their ancestors climbed from beneath the earth on the roots of a grapevine. According to tradition, at one time the Mandan lived to the east, but their movements in historic times were westward up the Missouri River. By the mid-18th cent., they lived in nine villages near the mouth of the Heart River in S central North Dakota. After having suffered severely from smallpox and the attacks of the Assiniboin and the Sioux, the Mandan moved farther up the Missouri River to a point opposite the Arikara villages. Here the Mandan survivors merged into two villages on opposite sides of the Knife River. They were visited (1804) by Lewis and Clark, who said that they numbered some 1,250. In 1837, after an epidemic of smallpox and cholera, the Mandan were reduced to some 150, all dwelling in a single village. When the Hidatsa moved (1845) from the Knife River region N to the Fort Berthold trading post, the few Mandan joined them. A large reservation was set aside (1870) for the Mandan, the Hidatsa, and the Arikara in North Dakota (Fort Berthold Reservation). There were some 1,200 Mandan in the United States in 1990.

Bibliography

See G. Catlin, O-Kee-Pa, a Religious Ceremony, and Other Customs of the Mandans (1867, centennial ed. by J. C. Ewers, 1967), E. A. Fenn, Encounters at the Heart of the World: A History of the Mandan People (2014).


Mandan

(măn`dăn, –dən), city (1990 pop. 15,177), seat of Morton co., S N.Dak., on the Missouri River opposite Bismarck; inc. 1881. A railroad division point, it is the distribution center for a grain, livestock, and dairy region. The city has a large cattle market and food-processing plants. Manufactures include wood and metal products and tile. Lewis and Clark wintered there (1804–5) in the Mandan Native American villages. A state industrial school is in the city, and a U.S. agricultural experiment station is nearby.
References in periodicals archive ?
El aumento de poblacion europea iba imponiendo los nuevos sistemas de comunicacion y transporte en la practica; ademas el gobierno del primer virrey don Antonio de Mendoza tenia como objetivo erradicar el sistema de transporte indigena y sustituirlo por el transporte animal, en sus ordenanzas sobre el buen tratamiento de los indios firmadas en Mexico en junio de 1536, aclaro que "los indios libres que tuvieren en las minas, siendo de lugares de veinte leguas arriba, cuando venieren a ellas a servir no vengan cargados sino con solamente la comida que en el tal camino hobieren de comer, so pena que la persona que los enviare o mandare ir incurra en pena de veinte pesos de oro de minas por cada indio que asi veniere cargado [sic]".
--Los primeros que gane se los mandare a mi novia para que los guarde como recuerdo.
(64) Yo mandare la carta de usted junto con mi primera cronica y asi estoy seguro de conseguir esa colaboracion que tan util me sera.
Iddio permette (altro e permettere, altro e volere, mandare, decretare) tutte queste vicende della libera volonta umana, perche Egli e rispettoso della nostra liberta [...].
Nos el concejo de Cornudilla vasallos, y servidores de su muy reverenda paternidad vesamos las manos de su merced y le hazemos saber por quanto el estrago de los lobos es mucho y no hay guarda ninguna que se pueda defender dellos, por tanto humilmente le suplicamos nos quiera hazer gracia y merced en el su termino de la sierra para hazer un corral donde se recoja el ganado de noche la qual licencia pedimos y suplicamos sernos concedida por el tiempo que su reverenda paternidad mandare deste su logar de Cornudilla>>.
/ Le mandare sobre tablas un ejemplar depurado de los errores y barbaridades que el caballero Biedma puso en mi boca, o mejor, en mi pluma" (Cymerman 2007: 638).
Estas son las alhajas y preciosidades que venero especialisimamente, y las que mandare a mis herederos que muestren y vinculen por unica memoria de mi felicidad y para testigos del honor que sabe dar el mundo a los desventurados que procuran vivir con desinteres, abatimiento de si mismos y respeto a todos.
Patent 8,389,086 (March S, 2013), "Composition for Stretch Hood, Method of Producing the Same, and Articles Made Therefrom," Prashant Mandare, Gregory Bunker, Rajen M.
Essi sono invitati a mandare al concilio <<idonei rappresentanti>> (<<viros idoneos>>), poiche saranno trattati mold temi che attengono all'ordine delle cose temporali (27).
Asimismo, os mandare por e-mail un libro, "El hombre en busca del sentido" de Victor Frankl, para que os lo podais comenzar a leer y espero que os guste.
Ustedes pueden ocuparla, pues yo le mandare a avisar a la familia, y por la noche envio un paje para que nos indicara cual era la banca que podiamos ocupar.