Group I: topical 4% hydroquinone and group II: topical 4% hydroquinone and 10% mandelic acid
1995 Mandelic acid
img/g creatinine) 58 De Rosa et al.
Finally, the extraction time of 60 minutes was chosen due to the 100% enrichment of the external and internal standards, mandelic acid
(MA, ISX) and TCA ([IS.sub.2]).
We assessed the exposure by measuring the concentrations of styrene in air and in blood and of mandelic acid
, phenylglyoxylic acid, 4-vinyl phenol conjugates and regioisomefic phenyl hydroxyethyl mercapturic acids in urine.
Meanwhile, Taiwan's leading derm brand Dr.Wu provides Chinese consumers with a skin assessment before recommending suitable products like its Daily Renewal Serum, which is formulated with macromolecule mandelic acid
. The ingredient is said to gently, yet quickly, remove aged skin layers.
* Very superficial chemical peels with salicylic acid alone, or in combination with mandelic acid
, may improve outcome faster and decrease PIH that already exists.
New Brightening Cleanser and Brightening Toner formulations recently launched by Le Mieux Cosmetics, Los Angeles, tout mandelic acid
and glutathione in addition to licorice root, bearberry and papaya extracts.
* McKinley Skincare - Product line composed of active ingredients with clinical claim substantiation for anti-aging (Beta-Glucan M[TM], Capryloyl Salicylic Acid, Nuovo-Proline16[R], NuovoSoft-16[R]), anti-oxidant (Ferulic Acid), anti-acne (Mandelic Acid
), and skin lightening (G-Hexuron[R], LHexuron[R], SkinBrite-30[R]) applications.