mandible

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mandible

1. the lower jawbone in vertebrates
2. either of a pair of mouthparts in insects and other arthropods that are usually used for biting and crushing food
3. Ornithol either the upper or the lower part of the bill, esp the lower part

mandible

[′man·də·bəl]
(anatomy)
The bone of the lower jaw.
The lower jaw.
(invertebrate zoology)
Any of various mouthparts in many invertebrates designed to hold or bite into food.
References in periodicals archive ?
Marginal mandibular nerve damage was noted in 20% cases treated with extra oral approach (group A).
Conclusions: Passive self-ligating system causes a signi1/4ucant increase in transverse width in both maxillary and mandibular dental arches.
"We demonstrate that patient- and site-specific 3-D-printed short-segment templates can be created within the timeframe required for mandibular fracture repair," the authors write.
El condilo mandibular es un cartilago secundario de aparicion tardia que no proviene del primordio cartilaginoso del embrion a diferencia del cartilago primario, que esta determinado geneticamente, y en donde las celulas que se dividen son los condroblastos, los cuales estan rodeados de una matriz cartilaginosa que los aisla de aquellos factores locales que pueden limitar o estimular el crecimiento.
Despite these advantages, SSO is underused for access to mandibular lesions because of the potential for complications, such as unintended fractures or injury to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN).
Extraction of teeth presenting taurodontism is usually complicated because of the change in furcation and volume of the tooth [3] and could lead to a risk of mandibular fracture, especially in cases with tooth length extending to the basilar as in the current case.
in cases where the chin is well positioned at the beginning of the treatment [1, 7], pogonion kept in the same position to increase the lower facial height [8]; class II division II low-angle malocclusion uncorrected by orthodontic treatment alone, especially in patients that need advancement but have an excessive mental projection [9]; mandibular vertical alveolar deficiency; anterior open bite; mandibular ramus sagittal split osteotomy relapse; cases of condylar agenesis and hypoplasia; lateral open bite [4, 10]; and in cases that need a profound change in the mentolabial sulcus [1, 11].
After exemption was obtained from the institutional ethics review board, permanent mandibular first molars were evaluated on CBCT scans Using non-probability consecutive sampling technique.
In future with improved knowledge of the decrease in height occurring in mandibular residual ridge we can modify our treatment, within our financial constraints, to satisfy the patients' needs and improve their quality of life.
In the present case report, we introduce a nonextraction and nonsurgical treatment of Class III malocclusion using mini-screw-assisted mandibular molar distalization.
Morphometric and morphological studies regarding the mandibular notch have been reviewed; however there is a paucity of literature regarding data in the South African population.