Mandingo


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Mandingo

 

(1) The self-designation (also, Malinke, Man-ding, Wangara, Mandinga, Mali) of a group of peoples living in West Africa—in southern Gambia, northern and northeastern Republic of Guinea, western Mali, the Republic of the Ivory Coast, Senegal, and Portuguese Guinea (Bissau)—who speak the Malinke language. The group also includes the Koranko and Wasulunka in the Republic of Guinea, the Manyanka in Liberia, and several other groups.

(2) A name used primarily in French works to refer to a large group of closely related peoples: the Malinke proper, or Manding, Mandinga), the Bambara (Banmana), and the Dinla. All of them live along the upper course of the Senegal and Niger rivers; they constitute the main population of western Mali, northeastern Republic of Guinea, southern and eastern Senegal, and certain regions of the Republic of the Ivory Coast, Upper Volta, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Portuguese Guinea (Bissau). Total population, approximately 4.2 million (1970, estimate).

The Mandingo speak languages related to the northern group of Mande languages. Most of the Mandingo are Muslims; old animistic beliefs and ancestor worship are still practiced in some areas. The chief occupation is farming (millet, corn, rice, kidney beans); livestock raising (goats, sheep, donkeys, poultry) is poorly developed; the Diula engage in trade. The basic form of Mandingo rural village settlements is a group of mud huts surrounded by a mud wall. A kindred group, usually a large patriarchal family, lives in each village. Traditional social relations, such as secret societies, caste differences, and age-class systems, are still partially retained in many regions. However, all of these ancient institutions are gradually disappearing.

According to legend, the historical center of the formation of the Mandingo peoples was located along the upper reaches of the Niger River, where, in the eighth century, the political unification of the Mandingo was achieved with the founding of the Mali state.

REFERENCES

Sund’iatta: Mandingskii epos. Leningrad-Moscow, 1963. (Translated from French.)
Labouret, H. Les Manding et leur langue. Paris, 1934.
Labouret, H. Paysans d’Afrique occidentale. Paris [1941].

D. A. OL’DEROGGE


Mandingo

 

a group of languages that includes the Bambara, Malinke, and Diula dialects (Mande-tan group of the Mande languages). Malinke is spoken in Senegal, Sudan, the Republic of the Ivory Coast, Gambia, and Guinea (1.1 million people); Bambara is spoken in Senegal, Sudan, Guinea, and Upper Volta; Diula is spoken in the Republic of the Ivory Coast and Upper Volta. There are approximately 4.2 million speakers of Mandingo languages (1970, estimate).

Vowels are distinguished according to degree of opening (degree of aperture of the speech passage), for example, bere “stick,” bεrε “stone.” Other phonetic features include the presence of long vowels (ba “big,” “mother”), nasalized vowels (bo “to go out,” b5 “room”), and the labialized consonant gb. Suffixes are used in word formation and for inflection. Concept alienability and inalienability categories occur.

REFERENCES

Delafosse, M. La Langue mandingue et ses dialectes, vol. 1. Paris, 1929.
Delaforge. Grammaire et méthode Bambara, 6th ed. Paris, 1947.

I. N. TOPOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
[in] a style known as BQ ('Butch Queen') Body." (126) Thrasher notes that it "was in the ball era of [Johnson's] life when 'Tiger' became 'Tiger Mandingo,"' (127) an appellation given to Johnson by a friend in high school who "refused to tell him what it meant." (128)
Vincent Bucher rips on the harmonica, Soumaila Diabate plays the Sokou (traditional one-string violin) and Oumar Barou Kouyate adds N'goni (Mandingo plucked lute).
Candy is still the most chilling of all, however, because his cruelty has a terrible focus, with his obsession with Mandingo fighting by his slaves as a means of making money.
Because if I felt comfortable doing this movie, what could I bring to it,” says Lundy when asked about playing Mandingo fighter, Big Fred, in Tarantino's 2012 spaghetti western.
In a similar vein (artery?), the soundtrack of Django Unchained sets a harp solo of Beethoven's Fur Elise against a scene in which Django and Schultz share brandy and cigars with Candie in his mansion while two naked "mandingo" fighters (gladiator slaves) maul each other on the carpet.
While good taste doesn't necessarily apply, comedy seems to be the key that distinguishes "Django Unchained" from a risible film like "Mandingo." Both take a certain horror-pleasure in watching bare-chested black men wrestle to the death--the sick sport at which Candie prides himself an expert--but what better way to inoculate the power of a Klan rally than by turning it into a Mel Brooks routine, reducing bigots to buffoons as they argue about their ill-fitting white hoods?
Sophomore running back Devonte Parker and senior running back/wide receiver Joey Zalatores also have helped run the ball for Quaboag, while Zalatores and Nick Mandingo have been top targets for freshman quarterback Tyler Wade.
It was described as an amalgam of the music of Wassoulou hunters, Bozo fishermen, the Mandingo and Fula peoples of southern Mali with the added spice of his extraordinary guitar.
Ethnic groups: Wolof 43%; Fulani (Peulh) and Toucouleur 23%; Serer 15%; Diola, Mandingo, and others 19%.
Born Kenny Athel George DeCruise in Antigua in 1969, Mandingo came to America in 1980.
The legend, "Everything is hotter down South," only contributes to the notion that the film is a typical exploitation of the Mandingo tradition of unbound lust on the Southern plantation, the 1975 film by Richard Fleischer that gave new meaning to Confederate degeneracy and forbidden interracial sex.
Turner traced the Gullah male name Bilali to Mandingo Bilali "the first muezzin, son of Ali"--which is obviously of Arabic origin.