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(mang`gəstēn'), the edible fruit of Garcinia mangostana, of the family Clusiaceae (Guttiferae), an evergreen tree native to SE Asia. The purple fruit is similar to an orange in size, thickness of the rind, and segmentation. A highly prized tropical fruit with a flavor similar to a grape-apple mixture, the mangosteen is cultivated in the West Indies. The rind is used in traditional SE Asian medicines. The mangosteen is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Theales, family Clusiaceae.



(Garcinia mangostana), a short, dioecious tree of the family Clusiaceae (sometimes included in the family Hypericaceae). The leaves are leathery, dark green, and entire; the flowers are solitary or in groups, with pinkish, fleshy petals. The mangosteen is native to the Malay Peninsula and the Malay Archipelago. It is cultivated for its fruit in tropical Asia. The rounded fruit is reddish or brown-violet and measures up to 7 cm in diameter; it contains five to eight seeds with large white arils. The arils are edible, with tender, tart, aromatic flesh. Other species of the genus Garcinia yield edible fruits.


Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
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The short Central American Mangosteen season has just about finished for the year.
However, consume mangosteen in moderation because it contains fructose, which may be harmful to your health in excessive amounts.
Use a sharp knife to cut around the outside of the mangosteen, about half an inch deep.
Serving Size: One cup (about 100 grams) of fresh mangosteen segments
Because the mangosteen tree is notoriously difficult to cultivate, the fruit is unknown in many parts of the world.
The differences that do occur between mangosteen species are a result of soil, water and atmospheric variances, not genetic differentiation.
The gastronomic rewards are great for those who succeed in cultivating the mangosteen.
As for permitted fruit imports from Thailand beside the mangosteen, Kneeland says he has his eye on "anything unique that will wow a customer" and enliven Kings' produce department.
Mangosteen is sold through an aggressive worldwide multi-level marketing network in which 350,000 sellers--who put up a Web site or talk up the juice to their friends and family--recruit other sellers and collect commissions from them.
At the top of the pyramid is a Utah company called XanGo, which started marketing mangosteen juice mixed with nine other fruit juices in 2002.
Recite them quickly and they sound like a Gilbert and Sullivan patter song: litchi, longan, mangosteen, rambutan.
Warn your guests that mangosteen sections may have seeds.