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mania

a mental disorder characterized by great excitement and occasionally violent behaviour

Mania

 

a state characterized by excessive elevation of mood and cheerfulness, an acceleration of associative processes, instability, distractibility, and agitophasia.

Mania may arise with schizophrenia, infectious and intoxicative diseases, injuries, or brain tumors. The condition is manifested most typically in the manic state of manic-depressive psychosis.

In antiquity the term “mania” referred to all forms of mental disturbance with motor and speech agitation. Later, it was used as a synonym for delirium or an irresistible urge (for example, pyromania, the urge to set fires, and kleptomania, the urge to steal). In the first half of the 19th century the French psychiatrist J. E. D. Esquirol advanced the popular conception of monomania—an obsession with a single idea or urge. From the mid-19th century to the beginning of the 20th, mania was considered a separate disease.

I. I. LUKOMSKII

mania

[′mān·yə]
(psychology)
Excessive enthusiasm or excitement; a violent desire or passion; manifestation of a psychotic disorder.

Mania

ancient Roman goddess of the dead. [Rom. Myth.: Zimmerman, 159]
See: Death
References in periodicals archive ?
Psychological evaluation: Maniacal configuration with impulsive-uncensored and interpretative-delusional manifestations in a conflicting context, with major socio-familial integration difficulties.
However, feverishly trying to glue a Royal Doulton figurine back together with glue before the parents came home often resulted in a vigorous, tearful thrashing, during which the sound of commentator Stuart Hall's maniacal laughter at the sight of sweaty Germans falling into paddling pools would suddenly adopt a distinctly mocking tone.
The oxygen was maniacal braggadocio, which persuaded the West to see rockets where there was only cardboard and glue.
of Little Rock, said last week that one of his goals for the data services company is to have a "maniacal" focus on Acxiom's clients.
Writing for scientifically and mechanically inclined general readers, they discuss reasons for the car, creating the heart of volt, engineering with a maniacal focus, a unique electrified transaxle, codifying the car, sweating the body details, a chassis that cruzes, a new role for ICE, flogging a mule, and charging and connectivity.
Now let's turn to the Assembly Government's maniacal call for wind farms to be plastered over our beautiful hills and lovely, historic seascapes.
Vocally schizophrenic, his dramatic delivery was a revelation throughout but especially during sporadic bouts of maniacal but measured falsetto.
Dunguib looks like a work in progress, but barring injury or a maniacal tilt at the Champion Hurdle, any price above my projected SP of 6-5 is value.
This terrible waste of life's precious gift is highlighted by the case of Hayley Adamson, who was knocked down and killed by a car driven at maniacal speeds by PC John Dougal.
The Dark Knight has earned acclaim from critics and fans, particularly for the late Heath Ledger's maniacal delivery as Batman's enemy the Joker.
As you pointed out, experts cannot even agree on meanings of terms in this maniacal drive toward fact recall.
The arch-modernist Le Corbusier wrote maniacal diatribes against traditional aesthetics, calling old, organically developed towns "things that have merely happened" rather than being planned, fit only for meandering "pack donkeys." He dreamed of razing all of Paris' old buildings in order to replace them with his now all-too-familiar trademark concrete public housing blocks.