manslaughter


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manslaughter,

homicidehomicide
, in law, the taking of human life. Homicides that are neither justifiable nor excusable are considered crimes. A criminal homicide committed with malice is known as murder, otherwise it is called manslaughter.
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 committed without justification or excuse but distinguished from murdermurder,
criminal homicide, usually distinguished from manslaughter by the element of malice aforethought. The most direct case of malicious intent occurs when the killer is known to have adopted the deliberate intent to commit the homicidal act at some time before it is actually
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 by the absence of the element of malicemalice,
in law, an intentional violation of the law of crimes or torts that injures another person. Malice need not involve a malignant spirit or the definite intent to do harm.
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 aforethought. Modern criminal statutes usually divide it into degrees, the most common distinction being between voluntary and involuntary manslaughter. Voluntary manslaughter is a killing done in the heat of passion provoked by acts of the victim such as to cause a reasonable man to act rashly and without reflection. Such provocation may include violent assault and an unlawful attempt to arrest him, but not mere insulting words or gestures. Involuntary manslaughter is a killing in which there is no intention to kill at all. It occurs when the killing is the result of the commission of a crime that is neither a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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 nor an act likely to cause great bodily harm or when it is the result of a lawful act done in a criminal manner, e.g., a case of negligencenegligence,
in law, especially tort law, the breach of an obligation (duty) to act with care, or the failure to act as a reasonable and prudent person would under similar circumstances.
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. The advent of the automobile caused many manslaughter cases that arise from reckless and careless driving; in the statutes of some states of the United States such killing is a separate crime.

manslaughter

Law the unlawful killing of one human being by another without malice aforethought
References in periodicals archive ?
The Director of Public Prosecutions also wanted the manslaughter charges withdrawn, adding that fresh evidence shows the offence was more serious.
Burns was charged with manslaughter on Friday and will appear at Merseyside Domestic Violence Court today.
Rebelo, 31, was found guilty at Inner London Crown Court of two counts of manslaughter and one of placing unsafe food on the market.
On appeal, Sims argued that her conviction should be tossed out because there was no evidence to support a charge of voluntary manslaughter, which is defined as the "unlawful killing of a human being in sudden heat of passion upon sufficient legal provocation." Heat of passion and self-defense are two entirely different concepts, Sims argued.
During his trial, Stay requested that the court instruct the jury that first-degree manslaughter requires that death or great bodily harm be reasonably foreseeable as a result of fifth-degree assault as a predicate offense.
Antunes, of no fixed abode, appeared at the Old Bailey on Friday (December 14) where he pleaded guilty to manslaughter.
Of the crimes, 2,037 were murders, 498 manslaughters and 35 corporate manslaughters recorded.
It said: "There are reasonable grounds to suspect that each organisation may have committed the offence of corporate manslaughter.
Israeli border police officer, Ben Deri was originally indicted on charges of manslaughter in the May 15, 2014 killing of 17-year-old Nadeem Nawara.
High Court Judge Nicola Davies also decided there was no case to answer on the manslaughter charge against 46-year-old Rudling, but the prosecution appealed against the decision.
Mr Russell had denied allegation of manslaughter following the death of 44-year-old Gordon Smith, in Windermere.
The other supervisor, Robert Kaluza, who had faced manslaughter charges for all of the 11 workers killed, is scheduled to be tried Feb.