mantid


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Related to mantid: praying mantis, Mantidfly

mantid

or

mantis,

name applied to the large, slender, slow-moving, winged insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 of the family Mantidae in the order Mantodea. Predatory insects, mantids have strong, elongate, spiny front legs, used for grasping prey. While lying in wait for its prey, a mantid holds its front legs in an upraised position suggestive of prayer; hence the Greek name mantis, or prophet, and the common name, "praying mantis."

The prothorax, or front portion of the body, is very long in proportion to its width, and the head, with its two large, protruding, compound eyes, can turn in any direction. Members of the 1,800 mantid species range in length from 1 to 5 in. (2.5–12.5 cm). Their typically green or brown color, in some cases with irregular patterns, camouflages them among the leaves and twigs in which they are found.

Mantids are voracious eaters, feeding on insects and other invertebrates, including other mantids. They may even catch small vertebrates, such as frogs and birds. Mantids are sometimes used by gardeners, in place of chemical pesticides, to combat insect pests. Often the female eats the male after mating. The female lays 200 or more eggs contained in a papery case, usually attached to leaves or twigs. The young hatch as bright yellow nymphs (see metamorphosismetamorphosis
[Gr.,=transformation], in zoology, term used to describe a form of development from egg to adult in which there is a series of distinct stages. Many insects, amphibians, mollusks, crustaceans, and fishes undergo metamorphosis, which may involve a change in habitat,
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), resembling the adults except for their smaller size and lack of wings.

Mantids are found in all warm regions of the world, and are especially numerous in the tropics. There are about 20 native species in the S and W United States, known regionally as devil's coach horses or mule killers. The commonest of the southern species is the Carolina mantid, Stagmomantis carolina, about 2 in. (5 cm) long. Two introduced species, the Praying mantis or European mantid, Mantis religiosa (about 2 in./5.1 cm long), and the Chinese mantid, Tenodera aridifolia (up to 4 in./10.2 cm long), are now common in many parts of the United States.

Mantids are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Mantodea, family Mantidae.

References in periodicals archive ?
(2007) Checklist of the Neotropical mantids (Insecta, Dictyoptera, Mantodea).
During the five days, the mantid was observed capturing and devouring a total of nine guppy fish.
Abundant prey can alleviate previous adverse effect on growth of juvenile praying mantids (Orthoptera: Mantidae).
The active search for specimens in the vegetation proved to be essential in order to have a comprehensive vision of mantid fauna in a given environment.
In February and March 2005, we searched each sub-cell for mantid oothecae, recording the species and height of vegetation on which an egg case had been deposited and its approximate compass orientation.
Pogonogaster Rehn, 1918 is a genus of Neotropical Mantids inhabiting almost exclusively the wet cloud forests of the mountains of Central and South America.
Optimal foraging: Attack strategy of a mantid. American Naturalist 110:141-151.
On the contrary, inches beneath the placid green surface lies a dense, dark jungle where in any given moment a garter snake is swallowing an earthworm, a praying mantid is tearing the head off a grasshopper, and a shrew makes an endless meal of every little animal inn's path.
Other small invertebrates, including harpacticoid copepods, oysters, and recently settled larvae of sea cucumbers and mantid shrimps, showed the same pattern (M.
Some of the ones on display are quitebeautiful and rare, such as the Malaysian dead leaf mantid. Even the commonplace becomes fascinating--a glass-walled hive lets you peek in on the lives of honeybees at work.