mantid


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Related to mantid: praying mantis, Mantidfly

mantid

or

mantis,

name applied to the large, slender, slow-moving, winged insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 of the family Mantidae in the order Mantodea. Predatory insects, mantids have strong, elongate, spiny front legs, used for grasping prey. While lying in wait for its prey, a mantid holds its front legs in an upraised position suggestive of prayer; hence the Greek name mantis, or prophet, and the common name, "praying mantis."

The prothorax, or front portion of the body, is very long in proportion to its width, and the head, with its two large, protruding, compound eyes, can turn in any direction. Members of the 1,800 mantid species range in length from 1 to 5 in. (2.5–12.5 cm). Their typically green or brown color, in some cases with irregular patterns, camouflages them among the leaves and twigs in which they are found.

Mantids are voracious eaters, feeding on insects and other invertebrates, including other mantids. They may even catch small vertebrates, such as frogs. Mantids are sometimes used by gardeners, in place of chemical pesticides, to combat insect pests. Often the female eats the male after mating. The female lays 200 or more eggs contained in a papery case, usually attached to leaves or twigs. The young hatch as bright yellow nymphs (see metamorphosismetamorphosis
[Gr.,=transformation], in zoology, term used to describe a form of development from egg to adult in which there is a series of distinct stages. Many insects, amphibians, mollusks, crustaceans, and fishes undergo metamorphosis, which may involve a change in habitat,
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), resembling the adults except for their smaller size and lack of wings.

Mantids are found in all warm regions of the world, and are especially numerous in the tropics. There are about 20 native species in the S and W United States, known regionally as devil's coach horses or mule killers. The commonest of the southern species is the Carolina mantid, Stagmomantis carolina, about 2 in. (5 cm) long. Two introduced species, the Praying mantis or European mantid, Mantis religiosa (about 2 in./5.1 cm long), and the Chinese mantid, Tenodera aridifolia (up to 4 in./10.2 cm long), are now common in many parts of the United States.

Mantids are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Mantodea, family Mantidae.

References in periodicals archive ?
After two more months, in early August, a three-inch-long mantid peered at me through the leaves of a mint plant.
A bordered mantid female might grow to 2 1/2 inches compared with the male's 2 inches.
Sources of mortality not modeled, but witnessed by us, are predation by other wolf spiders (especially the sympatric Rabidosa punctulata, Hentz 1844) and praying mantids.
Prey recognition time of praying mantids (Dictyoptera: Mantidae) and consequent survivorship of unpalatable prey (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae).
To perform a definitive test, he and his colleagues assembled a set of specimens including 107 species of termites, roaches, and the closely related mantids.
This should improve hunting success while minimizing the probability of encountering other predators known to capture and ingest pepsine wasps such as roadrunners, grasshopper mice, wolf spiders, solifugids, and mantids (Punzo 1998; 2000), all of which are found at this study site.
133) Invertebrates of the Everglades include spiders, scorpions, pond crayfish, a plethora of butterflies, dragon flies, grasshoppers, mantids and other insects, marine invertebrates of many types including many varieties of crabs, sea stars, conches, sponges, and snails.
Keep in mind that pesticides cannot differentiate between the good and the bad guys, so quite often beneficial insects, like mantids and honey bees, fall victim to your good intentions.
However, mantids showed some degree of ambiguity; in contrast to previous reports, they never learned to avoid toxic milkweed bugs.
Exotic insects such as beetles, praying mantids, stick insects, and giant millipedes can be seen in the Insect City.
The book covers all orthopteroid insects, which include grasshoppers, crickets, katydids, cockroaches, mantids and stick insects, it caters for general and experienced readers and provides identification keys, taxonomic details, illustrations of anatomical characteristics and photographs and electron micrographs of the insects, taken by Rentz in the field and laboratory.
Biological control has asserted itself as beneficial insects such as praying mantids, assassin bugs, green lacewings, lady beetles, ground beetles, and hover flies rule supreme.