mantis shrimp


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mantis shrimp,

marine crustaceancrustacean
, primarily aquatic arthropod of the subphylum Crustacea. Most of the 44,000 crustacean species are marine, but there are many freshwater forms. The few groups that inhabit terrestrial areas have not been particularly successful in an evolutionary sense; most require
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 of the order Stomatopoda, characterized by a pair of enlarged appendages, called maxillipeds, that form powerful claws for seizing prey. The last two segments of each of these legs are strong and sharp, and the end segment is folded back over the next segment to make a scissorslike cut. Mantis shrimps have stalked eyes and flattened abdomens with appendages bearing gills. They are usually found in warm shallow tropical or subtropical seas. A number of species are quite large, reaching 1 ft (30 cm) or more in size. Mantis shrimps are an important seafood outside the Western Hemisphere. They are classified separately from either true shrimpsshrimp,
small marine decapod crustacean with 10 jointed legs on the thorax, well-developed swimmerets on the abdominal segments, and a body that is compressed laterally.
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 or praying mantises (see mantidmantid
or mantis,
name applied to the large, slender, slow-moving, winged insects of the family Mantidae in the order Mantodea. Predatory insects, mantids have strong, elongate, spiny front legs, used for grasping prey.
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), whose forelimbs the maxillipeds superficially resemble. Mantis shrimps are grouped in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, subphylum Crustacea, class Malacostraca, order Stomatopoda.
References in periodicals archive ?
Polarized light responses from retinular cells and sustaining fibers of the mantis shrimp.
The system seems to allow mantis shrimp to quickly identify basic colours without much brain processing.
The mantis shrimp is the harbinger of blood-soaked rainbows.
Parallel processing and image analysis in the eyes of mantis shrimps.
The predator, a peacock mantis shrimp with enough power in its club to break mollusk shells, approached and grappled briefly with the clam.
Some have turned the claws into spears to stab their prey, while others - like the peacock mantis shrimp - have turned them into clubs.
Since any solution could prove more devastating to the tank's ecosystem than harboring one mantis shrimp, "I guess we just have to keep replacing the snails and crabs until we catch the bugger," Cripe sighs.
The six-inch Mantis shrimp will now be transferred - under guard - to a special bullet- proof tank at the Sea Life Centre in St Andrews.
The bright orange fist-like club of the mantis shrimp, or stomatopod, a 4-inch long crustacean found in tropical waters, accelerates underwater faster than a 22-caliber bullet.
Albury personally likes the local Mantis Shrimp and Beck's Sili Legs patterns.
Previously scientists thought no animal alive was faster than the mantis shrimp, which delivers a powerful kick at 23 metres per second.
Among the creatures the new employee will need get to grips with are a mantis shrimp that sports front claws that can strike with the power of a speeding bullet.