manual exchange

manual exchange

[′man·yə·wəl iks′chānj]
(communications)
Any exchange where calls are completed by an operator.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to official documents, the TIP, which later became a subsidiary of PTCL, once enjoyed almost complete dominance in the field of manual exchange manufacturing system which continued till late 80s when the digital technology was introduced in the country.
This will be done mainly through the opening of the banking sector to allow financial institutions to practice payment and manual exchange services since these activities are no longer the monopoly of banks, in accordance with Law No.
Holvoet et al., "Comparison of automated erythrocytapheresis versus manual exchange transfusion to treat cerebral macrovasculopathy in sickle cell anemia," Transfusion, vol.
The aim of the study was to assess the practical knowledge of patients in our Unit by carrying out a manual exchange and, as a result, assessing the need to establish a regulated retraining programme.
We report a case manual exchange blood transfusion in a young patient having falciparum malaria along with its severe complications.
This electronic integration helps to increase accuracy and reduce the cycle times and costs associated with loan settlement activities by eliminating the need for rekeying and the manual exchange of data.
In 1976 the last manual exchange in the United Kingdom at Portree in the Isle of Skye closed, making the British telephone system fully automatic.
FROM rows of manual exchange operators to hi-tech and high-speed communication systems, the North East emergency services have transformed the way they work over the past seven decades.
Because of the Church's usury doctrine, bankers were not supposed to charge interest and, consequently, had to look for some other way of lending money at a profit, with the result that banking became tied to exchange: local banking to manual exchange (cambium minutum), and foreign banking to real exchange or exchange by bills (cambium per litteras).
On her remarriage Mary is believed to have had approximately 12 children, one of whom, a daughter worked as a telephonist at the manual exchange in Llanwrst.
54 of 2014 dated August 19, 2014 on the Supplementary Finance Act for the year 2014 includes provisions that allow the exercise of manual exchange through the opening of a foreign exchange bureau, reads a statement released by the Prime Ministry Wednesday.