Length of manubrium
and dentes 220 and 290 [micro]m respectively (Holotype).
In each reconstruction case, the graft was woven in a figure-of-eight through drill holes in the medial clavicle and the manubrium
5 wires were inserted into the manubrium
and then four interlocking figure-of-eight wires were inserted peristernally through consecutive intercostals spaces, in a clinical trial of 978 consecutive patients.
with about 25 basal, no medial, 44+44 central proximal and about 40 lateral setae.
Osteoarthritis at the sternoclavicular joint was also considered but degenerative changes in the adjacent manubrium
The SMD was determined as the straight distance between the upper border of the manubrium
sterni and the body point of the sternum while the patients in sitting position with the head fully extended and with the mouth closed.
Three false starts were present on the left superior aspect of the manubrium
, followed by a single incision that cleanly bisected the left side of the manubrium
When metastatic nodal disease is histologically documented, postoperative radiotherapy is generally administered; such irradiation should be directed at the superior mediastinal lymph nodes located beneath the sternal manubrium
(16) because the level VI/paratracheal nodes and the superior mediastinal lymph nodes are not separated by an anatomic landmark that can be consistently identified radiologically or during surgery.
To collect the kinematic data, twelve reflective markers, 9 mm in diameter, were attached to subjects at the following landmarks and segments: the manubrium
of the sternum, a spinous process of the second thoracic vertebra, both acromion processes, both midpoints of the clavicle, both anterior superior iliac spines, both posterior superior iliac spines, and both iliac crests.
On physical examination, the patient had a very firm and immobile mass (approximately, 5 cm) over his manubrium
and left sternoclavicular joint, with mild tenderness on palpation.
The aortoinnominate junction was then fixed to the posterior aspect of the manubrium
with several simple, interrupted sutures.
A reference electrode was placed at the center of the manubrium
sternae (bony prominence).