maquiladoras


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Related to maquiladoras: Maquilladora, Maquiladora System

maquiladoras

(mäkē'lädō`räs), Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations. They take advantage of plentiful lower-cost Mexican labor, advantageous tariff regulations (lessened somewhat as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement), and close proximity to U.S. markets to produce such items as home appliances and automobiles. Starting on a small scale in the mid-1960s, the maquiladoras were initially almost entirely located in the N border region of Mexico. They grew dramatically after Mexico substantially revised its economic regulations concerning foreign investment in the early 1980s. From 1983 to 1990, the maquiladora industry grew at approximately 20% annually, and it grew even more sharply with the U.S. economic boom in the late 1990s; it is one of Mexico's primary sources of foreign exchange. The maquiladoras stimulated rapid population migration to the border region, particularly at its eastern and western extremities (Matamoros/Brownsville and Tijuana/San Diego). After 2000 the number of plants and workers they employed declined; in 2002 some 3,600 plants employed approximately 960,000 workers. Beginning in the late 1990s an increasing number of the plants were located in the Mexican heartland, and many plants now use automation extensively.
References in periodicals archive ?
8) Estimates of the proportion between direct maquiladora jobs and the "indirect jobs" induced by the maquiladoras vary.
The charge by the critics that maquiladoras create jobs that are "exploitive" and "oppressive" poses a rather complicated argument about the meaning of the concepts "exploitation" and "oppression.
It has been the same story for years: working in the maquiladoras is hell.
Recent data seem to indicate that maquiladoras are recovering.
Los resultados obtenidos sugieren que, en estos anos en particular, el empleo en sectores distintos a la maquila determina el equilibrio en el mercado de trabajo, y que los salarios de las maquiladoras son influidos por el equilibrio en la oferta y demanda en dichos sectores.
Las primeras empresas maquiladoras se establecieron en Ciudad Juarez, Tijuana, Matamoros, Mexicali y Nogales.
Since 1985, the number of maquiladoras has increased 17 percent per year, from 785 plants employing 218,000 employees to over 2,400 plants employing 650,000 employees in 1996.
El libro, ademas del rigor academico con el que fue construido, observa una preocupacion por la vida de las personas que trabajan en las maquiladoras.
Sin duda, la industria maquiladora ha sido y es ejemplo y punta de lanza de este proceso de destruccion creativa que genero la politica de crecer con el impulso que representa el mercado externo.
In this paper we also extend our previous analysis of the demand of inputs from the maquiladora to illustrate that a depreciation of the Mexican exchange rate does not necessarily increase neither the maquiladoras demand for Mexican inputs, nor its vertical integration with the Mexican economy when there is vertical differentiation (differences between the quality of factors of production) or horizontal differentiation (differences in transportation costs which affects marginal costs of demanding the foreign and the domestic factor).
Desde fines de los sesenta la instalacion en la frontera norte de Mexico de numerosas plantas ensambladoras conocidas como maquiladoras propicio la contratacion masiva de mujeres.