maquiladoras


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Related to maquiladoras: Maquilladora, Maquiladora System

maquiladoras

(mäkē'lädō`räs), Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations. They take advantage of plentiful lower-cost Mexican labor, advantageous tariff regulations (lessened somewhat as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement), and close proximity to U.S. markets to produce such items as home appliances and automobiles. Starting on a small scale in the mid-1960s, the maquiladoras were initially almost entirely located in the N border region of Mexico. They grew dramatically after Mexico substantially revised its economic regulations concerning foreign investment in the early 1980s. From 1983 to 1990, the maquiladora industry grew at approximately 20% annually, and it grew even more sharply with the U.S. economic boom in the late 1990s; it is one of Mexico's primary sources of foreign exchange. The maquiladoras stimulated rapid population migration to the border region, particularly at its eastern and western extremities (Matamoros/Brownsville and Tijuana/San Diego). After 2000 the number of plants and workers they employed declined; in 2002 some 3,600 plants employed approximately 960,000 workers. Beginning in the late 1990s an increasing number of the plants were located in the Mexican heartland, and many plants now use automation extensively.
References in periodicals archive ?
Paraguay's laws regulating maquiladora activity date back to 1997, but they underwent changes in 2013 after Cartes took office (NotiSur, Oct.
En la zona fronteriza entre Mexico y Estados Unidos, las empresas maquiladoras son una pieza clave en la economia regional.
Since 1985, the number of maquiladoras has increased 17 percent per year, from 785 plants employing 218,000 employees to over 2,400 plants employing 650,000 employees in 1996.
The records of the National Institute of Statistics and Information (INEGI, 2005) show that the export maquiladora companies at the national level offer sources of employment to 1,115,230 persons, i.
El libro, ademas del rigor academico con el que fue construido, observa una preocupacion por la vida de las personas que trabajan en las maquiladoras. Lo cual se expresa al haber reunido articulos que enfrentan la relacion genero-trabajo desde diferentes dimensiones: genero y envejecimiento; las presencias masculinas en espacios laborales; las "madres solas" en las maquiladoras; el trabajo para los jovenes obreros en las maquiladoras; la construccion de feminidades productivas; participacion sindical femenina; trabajo y vida cotidiana; los hombres y las mujeres en la maquila; el trabajo para los jovenes obreros.
Sin duda, la industria maquiladora ha sido y es ejemplo y punta de lanza de este proceso de destruccion creativa que genero la politica de crecer con el impulso que representa el mercado externo.
As of February 2013, MFI is the only maquiladora (manufacturing company) of its kind to have a Corporate Mexican Customs Broker License.
En cualquier escenario, los factores estructurales son determinantes del comportamiento del sector; asi como la mayor complejidad tecnologica, que da cuenta de la presencia de maquiladoras de segunda y tercera generacion, lo que explica la contraccion del empleo, de manera que su evolucion en esta direccion es una variable a considerar cuando se plantean escenarios sobre el futuro de la industria maquiladora.
Finally, the maquiladoras budget, the unitary costs, and the quality of the inputs will define the net benefit of demanding high quality inputs and, therefore, the proportion of foreign and domestic inputs to be demanded.
Asi, el abordaje metodologico de la investigacion se hizo a traves de un estudio de caso en una planta maquiladora tipica, el cual concluyo con un modelo conceptual que abarcaba las variables empiricas de la gestion medioambiental, los costos inherentes y sus relaciones.
In the early 1990s, as NAFTA negotiations were conducted, commentators in the press defended the tax benefits to maquiladoras stressing that they induced job creation and overall economic social development.
She thought hard and said that in 50 years of maquiladoras there hadn't been unrest.