maquis


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Related to maquis: Maquisard, Garrigue

maquis

(mäkē`): see guerrilla warfareguerrilla warfare
[Span.,=little war], fighting by groups of irregular troops (guerrillas) within areas occupied by the enemy. When guerrillas obey the laws of conventional warfare they are entitled, if captured, to be treated as ordinary prisoners of war; however, they are
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.

Maquis

 

a thicket of evergreen sclerophyllous and spiny shrubs and small trees (Turkish terebinth, myrtle, strawberry tree, juniper, wild olive, rockrose). Maquis are most common in the Mediterranean region, in the lower mountain zone up to an elevation of 700 m, forming dense, often impenetrable thickets or, more rarely, underbrush in evergreen sclerophyllous forests. Many species compose the maquis, with spiny shrubs predominating (average height, 3-4 m; trees measuring 8-10 m high are less frequently encountered). Maquis arose mainly on the sites of felled sclerophyllous forests, but some developed independently. Annuals predominate in the herbaceous cover. Many of the plants contain essential oils and have strong odors. Maquis is known as scrub in Australia and chaparral in North America.

REFERENCE

Il’inskii, A. P. Rastitel’nost’ zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937.

Maquis

 

a name of French partisan units in World War II (1939-45).

Maquis detachments were first formed from Frenchmen who evaded labor service and deportation to fascist Germany by hiding in the mountains and in areas covered with growths of maquis. The Committee for Coordination and Struggle Against Deportation, headed by I. Farger, played an important role in the formation of the maquis. The maquis were an important part of the French Resistance Movement.

REFERENCE

Le Parti Communiste français dans la Résistance. Paris, 1967.

maquis

[mä′kē]
(ecology)
A type of vegetation composed of shrubs, or scrub, usually not exceeding 10 feet (3 meters) in height, the majority having small, hard, leathery, often spiny or needlelike drought-resistant leaves and occurring in areas with a Mediterranean climate.

maquis

1. shrubby mostly evergreen vegetation found in coastal regions of the Mediterranean: includes myrtles, heaths, arbutus, cork oak, and ilex
2. 
a. the French underground movement that fought against the German occupying forces in World War II
b. a member of this movement
References in periodicals archive ?
A partir de los anos 90, tambien se han levantado monumentos en otros lugares para conservar la memoria de la lucha, aunque en ciertos casos el epitafio alude a la defensa de la libertad, sin fechas ni referencias a partidos politicos, y no permite una evocacion clara de lo que significo en su tiempo la lucha de los maquis.
Operating through the Maquis, the Jedburgh mission was to support the Normandy invasion by sabotaging rail and road bridges, ambushing German occupation troops in Brittany, and actively interdicting German units moving to the Normandy beachhead.
Tras un repaso de las principales teorias sobre la memoria colectiva y sobre la historia del maquis, el tercer capitulo de esta obra se adentra en la representacion literaria de la guerrilla desde el inicio de la Guerra Civil hasta la muerte de Francisco Franco en 1975.
Mais s'etant un peu trop rapproche, lors des elections d'Avril 2016, du leader de l'opposition et candidat malheureux auxdites elections Guy Brice Parfait Kolelas, l'interesse avait ete accuse par son ancien mentor d'avoir porte atteinte a la surete de l'Etat; ce qui semble, a premiere vue, l'avoir contraint a prendre le maquis.
They would also arm, train, and provide supplies to the Maquis, Resistance fighting groups that would support Allied troops after the advance into the German-held interior.
La democracia espanola se consolidara y el franquismo se superara, insiste Arroyo Rodriguez en su elocuente y emotivo colofon, solo cuando voces como la del maquis, surgidas del "lugar preciso de la cicatriz," se proyecten como emblematicas de la patria.
Her duties ranged from recruiting new maquis members to procuring weapons, to leading attacks on hundreds of German military installations.
Vasenin fought against the Nazis in the north of the Drome region, said the French journalist Laurent Brayard, who has worked on stories on the "Russian Maquis" for the Voice of Russia radio station.
Rebel Du Maquis 4.50 Taunton SP forecast 6-4 Paul Nicholls' runner has a decent strikerate with six wins from 18 starts.
Rene thought of his new friend, Guillaume, whose father had been in the resistance, a maquis. Or so Guillaume said.
The plane's mission was to parachute weapons, munitions and equipment to the Maquis of Nistos-Esparros.
For the more energetic, a hike along the coastal path through the 'maquis' - the scrubland which dominates the landscape here - is a bracing challenge.