Marathon

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Marathon

(mâr`əthŏn), village and plain, ancient Greece, 20 mi (32 km) NE of Athens. Here the Athenians and Plataeans under MiltiadesMiltiades
, d. 489 B.C., Athenian general who commanded at Marathon. He succeeded his uncle as ruler (c.524 B.C.) of an Athenian dependency in the Gallipoli Peninsula. He accompanied (c.513) Darius in the Persian expedition into Scythia.
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 defeated a Persian army in 490 B.C. (see Persian WarsPersian Wars,
500 B.C.–449 B.C., series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire. The writings of Herodotus, who was born c.484 B.C., are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars.
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).

Marathon

 

an ancient Greek settlement on a plain of the same name in Attica (40 km northeast of Athens), in the vicinity of which a battle occurred on Sept. 13, 490 B.C., during the Greco-Persian Wars.

The Greek forces (11,000) were formed into a phalanx by the military leader Miltiades at the entrance to the Marathon valley; as a defense against a flanking movement by the Persian cavalry the strengthened flanks of the phalanx were protected by forested mountain spurs and abatis that were brought out in front. The Greeks attacked the Persians (about 20,000), who had landed by ship, with a “running march,” but they were counterattacked by Persian infantry bowmen, who broke through the weak center of the Greek phalanx. At the same time the strong elite detachments of Greeks overran the Persian cavalry and light infantry on the flanks and then defeated the Persian infantry in the center. Since the Greeks interrupted their pursuit of the Persians fleeing to the shore in order to bury their dead (192 men), the Persians managed to board their ships and sail to sea. At Marathon, Greek hoplites, moving in phalanx formation, defeated the more numerous but less organized and cohesive Persian Army.

marathon

modern races, more than 26 miles, commemorate feat of Pheidippides. [World Sports: Benét, 633]

Marathon

plain near Athens where Greeks defeated Persians in 490 B.C. [Gk. Hist.: Benét, 633]
See: Battle

marathon

a race on foot of 26 miles 385 yards (42.195 kilometres): an event in the modern Olympics

Marathon

a plain in Attica northeast of Athens: site of a victory of the Athenians and Plataeans over the Persians (490 bc)
References in periodicals archive ?
On-the-go snacking helps, but it can't win races because the body can store only so much fuel, says Cucuzzella, chief medical consultant for the Air Force Marathon and a marathoner himself.
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Rountree's assurance in the opening pages of her guide that "yoga will make you a better athlete" is credible because she is herself a marathoner and triathlete as well as a certified yoga instructor.
Last April, travel publisher Fodor's published "The Traveling Marathoner," an easy-to-follow guidebook that provides comprehensive vacation planning and race-day information for 12 marathons, one for each month.
Among these marathoners were 84 hand-cyclists--athletes who propelled themselves by churning the hand pedals of low-riding racing wheelchairs.
Last Thursday, Mneria placed 12th in the 10,000 metres at the Stockholm Diamond League meeting with a time of 28 minutes, 13.91 seconds in a race won by compatriot Rhonex Kipruto in a course record 26:50.16.In Cape Verde, Kenya will also feature in kite boarding, canoeing and rowing, beach volleyball (men and women), karate, beach football (men), beach handball (men and women), beach tennis (men) and swimming."The teams are intensifying training with the kite boarding representative having his session in Mombasa, the woman's half marathoner Florence Nduku Malyunga training in Machakos while the men's marathoner Charles Yosey Mneria conducting his fitness in Eldoret," Nock said in a statement.
The great marathoner will be battling it out with other marathoners, including one of his main competitor in the race, Mo Farah.
Akinbode, an international marathoner, who explained that Osun State government was playing a significant role in ensuring overall success of the marathon, contended that organising the race in Ife was strategic, just as she described the development as a payback for her formative life as student of Obafemi Awolowo University between the age of 15 and 20 years.
16 (BNA): Kuwaiti Ambassador to Bahrain and the Doyen of Diplomatic Corps, Shaikh Azzam Mubarak Al Sabah, congratulated the Kingdom of Bahrain's leadership and people on the unprecedented Olympic achievement of marathoner Ruth Jebet in the 3,000 metre race at Rio Olympics2016.
The marathoner will cover 348 kms in the Emirate adding up to a total of 1,160 kms in the Middle East, in less than 35 days.
A 2:30:00 marathoner running 70 miles a week might average 7:00 per mile in a typical week, meaning that he is putting in a little more than eight hours of running in a seven-day stretch.
According to legend, the first marathoner, Pheidippides, ran from the Greek town of Marathon to Athens to announce that the Greeks had defeated the Persians; also according to legend, he promptly fell down dead.