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a German nobleman ranking above a count. Margraves were originally counts appointed to govern frontier provinces, but all had become princes of the Holy Roman Empire by the 12th century



originally an official in the Carolingian empire and the Holy Roman Empire.

The office of margrave was established by Charlemagne to administer marches. The margrave enjoyed broader powers than an ordinary count—particularly permanent military authority. With the development of feudalism, margraves became semi-independent or independent rulers of entire regions; in Germany they became princes. In France, Spain, and Italy, margrave (marquess) is one of the highest titles of nobility.

References in periodicals archive ?
Princess Margarita of Baden has been invited, as have the Margrave and Margravine of Baden, and Prince and Princess Ludwig of Baden.
stage and leisured life as a margravine in her palace (Szczublewski,
Lynch, of William Morris House, Margravine Road, Hammersmith, denies murder.
Chardin often painted near-replicas of such pieces, since they were so popular that they were avidly sought for by people themselves unfamiliar with kitchens and sculleries: the Margravine of Baden, a prince in Brandenburg, the Queen of Sweden and Catherine the Great herself.
It's a historical novel and not above a bit of heavy breathing as Hildegard finds the ermine-trimmed Archbishop Henry fascinating, while the archbishop lusts after the beautiful margravine, a noblewoman who is Hildegard's benefactress.