maria


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maria:

see moonmoon,
natural satellite of a planet (see satellite, natural) or dwarf planet, in particular, the single natural satellite of the earth. The Earth-Moon System

The moon is the earth's nearest neighbor in space.
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.

Maria

 

in Portugal:

Maria I. Born Dec. 17, 1734, in Lisbon; died Mar. 20, 1816, in Rio de Janeiro. In 1777, she became queen of Portugal, and in the same year, influenced by the aristocracy and clergy, she dismissed Pombal and abolished his reforms. In 1788 Maria I fell victim to a nervous disorder, and her son Juan was made ruler of the country. After the French occupation of Portugal in 1808, Maria I and other members of the royal family emigrated to Brazil.

Maria II (Maria da Gloria). Born Apr. 4, 1819, in Rio de Janeiro; died Nov. 15, 1853, in Lisbon. Queen of Portugal in 1826-28 and again from 1834. She was the daughter of the emperor of Brazil, Pedro I, who abdicated the Portuguese throne in her favor. During the minority of Maria II, Pedro’s brother, Miguel, was regent. In 1828 he seized the throne and in 1829 forced Maria II to return to Brazil. The supporters of Maria II and Pedro launched a civil war and drove Miguel from the country; in 1834, Maria was reinstated on the throne.

The reign of Maria II was marked by a struggle (that met with varying success) between the radicals, who supported the constitution of 1822, and the Chartists, who supported the constitutional charter of 1826. Her reign was also marked by popular movements (the war of Maria da Fonte).

References in classic literature ?
"It requires dough and a pat of butter, and a rolling-pin," said Anna Maria, considering Tom Kitten with her head on one side.
"No," said Samuel Whiskers, "make it properly, Anna Maria, with breadcrumbs."
But he did like Maria Valenzuela, who was of his own country.
But John Harned followed Maria Valenzuela to Quito, and it was quickly clear to us--to Luis Cervallos and me that she looked upon John Harned with great kindness.
"You will be the envy of all the mothers in town," continued Maria, "and deservedly so.
"You will have the handsomest son in the city, certainly," said Maria; "and, possibly, the richest-- and the most learned--and, undeniably, the most admired!"
"No, Maria," he went on; "Nick and Joe won't have to peddle milk, and all the kids can go to school and wear shoes the whole year round.
In doing this he would satisfy everybody - the grocer, his sister, Ruth, and even Maria, to whom he owed a month's room rent.
"I shall always remember him," said Miss Maria solemnly.
Miss Maria took out her handkerchief and wiped her eyes; but Miss Patty came resolutely back from the regions of sentiment to those of business.
Maria, hay?" said the old gentleman, rattling up the carriage windows as he and his daughter drove away one night from Mrs.
'There was a very snug little party, consisting of Maria Lobbs and her cousin Kate, and three or four romping, good-humoured, rosy-cheeked girls.