any plant of the genus Tagetes
of the family Asteraceae (aster
family), mostly Central and South American herbs cultivated elsewhere as garden flowers. The two common species of marigold, both annuals, are distinguished as African, or Aztec (T. erecta
), and French (T. patula
) although both are native to Mexico and Guatemala. The African commonly has large yellow or orange flower heads and the strong-scented foliage typical of the genus, but an odorless kind has been developed; the French has smaller flower heads, single or double, usually two tones of yellow or orange and red. Other plants sharing the name marigold include marsh marigold
(in the buttercup
family), bur marigold
, and pot marigold (see calendula
). Marigolds are classified in the division Magnoliophyta
, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
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All Marigolds are edible, but only some taste good. The three best are Tagetes lucida, Tagetes patula, and Tagetes tenuifolia. Marigold can be used as a substitute for saffron. The citrus flavor makes it great in salads. Usually only the petals are eaten, no green parts. Used for heart, circulation, headaches, earaches, fevers, hair rinse for shiny hair. Plant beside other garden plants to keep pests away.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(Tagetes), a genus of annual or perennial grasses of the Compositae family. The height of the plant is 70–80 cm, the leaves are pinnate; the flowers are yellow, orange, and dark brown. There are more than 35 species in South and North America (from Argentina to Arizona). In the USSR there is one imported species (in western Transcaucasia). Most widely distributed are the French marigold (T. patula), a low plant with a distinctive smell and yellow or reddish yellow flowers, cultivated as a decorative annual, and the dwarf marigold (T. signata), which has fernlike finely cleft verdure and is used in floriculture for low borders, as is T. erecta, a tall plant with few branches.
REFERENCEKiselev, G. E. Tsvetovodstvo, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
symbol of grief. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 175]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. any of various tropical American plants of the genus Tagetes, esp T. erecta (African marigold) and T. patula (French marigold), cultivated for their yellow or orange flower heads and strongly scented foliage: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. any of various similar or related plants, such as the marsh marigold, pot marigold, bur marigold, and fig marigold
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005