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see puppetpuppet,
human or animal figure, generally of a small size and performing on a miniature stage, manipulated by an unseen operator who usually speaks the dialogue. A distinction is made between marionettes, moved by strings or wires from above, and hand puppets, in which the hand
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one of various types of puppets used in some kind of theatrical show.

A marionette simulates the human anatomy and is moved by strings that are attached to its head or joints. The strings are gathered together and attached to a control, or crutch. By holding the control in one hand and plucking the various strings with the other, the puppeteer controls the movements of the marionette. Another type of marionette is controlled by a metal rod that is attached to its head. The arms and legs usually hang freely and swing with the movement of the body, creating an illusion of walking and gesturing. Instead of a crutch, this marionette has a rod bent to form a wide hook. Marionettes controlled by rods are often one-third human height (in Belgium and Sicily). Most marionettes are made of wood.

Written records of marionettes go back to antiquity, and marionettes have been found in excavations. In Western Europe, marionette theater as a form of folk drama (presented primarily at fairs) was most fully developed in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Russian term marionetka is also used to designate a person, government, or state that is an obedient tool of another authority.


Fedotov, A. Anatomiia teatral’noi kukly. Moscow-Leningrad, 1944.
Petite, J. M. Guignols et marionnettes, leur histoires. Paris, 1911.



an articulated puppet or doll whose jointed limbs are moved by strings
References in periodicals archive ?
It began with Erica Melchior, when she lived in Germany She made marionettes to amuse neighborhood children.
A Symbolist theatre opposed to naturalistic representation is going to be predisposed to the deployment of masks and marionettes. The oriental influence recurs in Yeats, with his study of the Noh plays of Japan, whose actors are mask-wearing marionettes.
What distinguished Kleist from other Western thinkers, however, was that perhaps he alone supported the notion that a mechanically controlled marionette, being both spontaneous and naive, deserved to be put on a higher physical plane than a human being.
For the 2000 Christmas season, the Marionettes de Geneve are presenting Le Noel des Anges, the story of Christmas as viewed from the sky, December 2-23.
In this case, The Tempest is the play being staged, yet in a chapter entitled "Analysis of a Production" there is little analysis offered, only page after page of illustrations of the scenery, sketches of marionette to be used, and plans for staging the special effects scenes.
The theatre's reopening featured a marionette performance of Gulliver's Travels, its first production since the late 1960s.
Dave Herzog's Marionettes' high-energy show, called Circus Days, is a special version of his popular Circus production.
David Graham, 92, who has voiced Parker since 1965, got to meet the wood marionette yesterday and described the character as "lovable and popular".
The Marionette danceis a hip-hop-inspired dance performance that produces creative dance choreography to tell a story.
We wonder, for example, whether the marionette standing on the hip of the sleeping artist is another portrait of Cardiff.
'Pinocchio, the Live Marionette Musical,' runs weekends until Oct.
Identify an historical event to be used as the storyline for the marionette play.