markhor


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markhor

(mär`kôr), wild goat, Capra falconeri, found in the rugged mountains of central Asia, from S Russia to the W Himalayas. Largest of the goats, the male may stand over 40 in. (100 cm) at the shoulder and weigh over 200 lb (90 kg). The coat is short and reddish brown in summer; in winter it is long, silky, and gray. Males have long, thick beards. The distinctive corkscrew-shaped horns are extremely thick and heavy. Markhors live in small herds of between 4 and 30 individuals, grazing up to the snow line. The isolated populations of the different mountain ranges constitute distinct races; most are near extinction because of extensive hunting. In Russia and the Central Asian Republics, where the markhor has been protected since the 1930s, its numbers have increased to about 1,000. The markhor is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.

Markhor

 

(Caprafalconeri), an even-toed ungulate of the Bovidae family. The horns twist like a corkscrew or screw (hence the name in Russian of vintorogii kozel, spiral-horned goat). A long mane marks the neck and chest of the males. The markhor is rusty gray, with the old males turning muddy white. The body is up to 1.7 m in length, with a height at the shoulders of 90 cm; the animal weighs up to 90 kg and some-times more. The markhor is found in the western Himalayas, Kashmir, Western Tibet, and Afghanistan. In the USSR the markhor is encountered only in the mountains along the Pyandzh River and in the Kugitangtau and Babatag ranges. Several subspecies have developed which differ in the shape of the horns. The markhor is a typical mountain animal, inhabiting the steep slopes of gorges, rocks, and cliffs. Little is known about its way of life. It is the forerunner of certain breeds of domesticated goats. In the USSR hunting of the markhor is prohibited.

REFERENCES

Tsalkin, V. I. “Vintorogii kozel v SSSR.” Uch. zap. MGU, 1945, issue 83.
Mlekopitaiushchie sovetskogo soiuza, vol. 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1961.

I. I. SOKOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Most mountain hunters agree that the markhor is an ultimate mountain animal.
Astore markhor (Capra falconeri falconeri) blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur) Ladakh urial (Ovis vignei) Marco Polo's sheep (Ovis ammon polii) Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) Himalayan ibex (Capra ibex sibirica) woolly flying squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus) and Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) are key mammals (Roberts 1977; Schaller 2008; Ablimit et al.
69, df=15) was found in the consumption of prey species including Domestic goat, Markhor, Red fox, Royal mountain vole, insects and plant matter (P (less than) 0.
The tourists who will stay at the campsite can enjoy the sight of Markhor besides 129 bird species and 20 mammals.
WCS-led community surveys have revealed that markhor populations in northern Pakistan's Kargah region in Gilgit-Baltistan have increased from a low of approximately 40-50 individuals in 1991 to roughly 300 this year.
The female markhor examined in Dushanbe showed gray areas of consolidations in the apical and cardiac lobes of the right lung and yellow pleural fluid (Figure 1, panel B).
When revenue from trophy hunting is used for conservation, trophy harvesting can become a useful conservation tool, as in some populations of markhor Capra falconeri, urial Ovis vignei and Asiatic ibex Capra ibex sibirica in Pakistan (Johnson 1997).
Climate change and increasing temperatures have caused fast degradation of the bio-tops in these mountains, which also host wild species of ibex, Marcopolo sheep, blue sheep, Astor Markhor and the musk deer, on which the snow leopard depends.
The animals in the rest of the field include blackbucks and deer, markhor, cheetah, fox, wolf, hare, and mythical animals like winged wolves, winged spotted lions (chi-lin), and a human headed chi-lin.
The Markhor and Ibex trophy hunting programme, initiated in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in the mountains in northwestern Pakistan, has been a fundamental leap to contribute to poverty alleviation.
19) The refrain, that invokes the multiplication of the markhor (capra falconeri), seems to testify to the past importance of the meat of these wild goats in the diet of the Kalasha, (20) as well as to their significance as symbols of abundance (cf.
In "How To Draw Magnificent Mammals", artist and illustrator Earl Phelps draws upon his more than 30 years of experience and expertise in the field to create a fun and effective 'how to' book for children wanting to learn how to accurately and easily draw all manner of animals including the two-toed sloth, a polar bear, an African elephant, a pipistrelle bat, a dingo, a markhor, a walrus, a giraffe, an hyena, a rhinoceros, a wart hog, a leopard, a baboon, a slender loris, a red kangaro, a llama, an aardvark, a gorilla, and a lion.