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(mär`kôr), wild goat, Capra falconeri, found in the rugged mountains of central Asia, from S Russia to the W Himalayas. Largest of the goats, the male may stand over 40 in. (100 cm) at the shoulder and weigh over 200 lb (90 kg). The coat is short and reddish brown in summer; in winter it is long, silky, and gray. Males have long, thick beards. The distinctive corkscrew-shaped horns are extremely thick and heavy. Markhors live in small herds of between 4 and 30 individuals, grazing up to the snow line. The isolated populations of the different mountain ranges constitute distinct races; most are near extinction because of extensive hunting. In Russia and the Central Asian Republics, where the markhor has been protected since the 1930s, its numbers have increased to about 1,000. The markhor is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Caprafalconeri), an even-toed ungulate of the Bovidae family. The horns twist like a corkscrew or screw (hence the name in Russian of vintorogii kozel, spiral-horned goat). A long mane marks the neck and chest of the males. The markhor is rusty gray, with the old males turning muddy white. The body is up to 1.7 m in length, with a height at the shoulders of 90 cm; the animal weighs up to 90 kg and some-times more. The markhor is found in the western Himalayas, Kashmir, Western Tibet, and Afghanistan. In the USSR the markhor is encountered only in the mountains along the Pyandzh River and in the Kugitangtau and Babatag ranges. Several subspecies have developed which differ in the shape of the horns. The markhor is a typical mountain animal, inhabiting the steep slopes of gorges, rocks, and cliffs. Little is known about its way of life. It is the forerunner of certain breeds of domesticated goats. In the USSR hunting of the markhor is prohibited.


Tsalkin, V. I. “Vintorogii kozel v SSSR.” Uch. zap. MGU, 1945, issue 83.
Mlekopitaiushchie sovetskogo soiuza, vol. 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lawyer for petitioners Syed Ghufranullah Shah said all 12 VCCs were local non-governmental and private committees of 12 villages of markhor and ibex conservation area of Chitral and that they formed a super cluster, Toshi Shasha conservancy area.
Ayub said that the park has welcomed five fawns and four young markhors in its midst.
'Improve the bathroom conditions instead of using pictures of the Markhor,' Chief Justice Nisar remarked, adding that favouritism had harmed the institution.
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The portrait of the Markhor will be prominently splashed on the aircraft, including a large one on the tail and two on the engines.
A spokesperson for PIA, Mashood Tajwar, told China Global Television Network (CGTN) the Markhor is also a national animal of the country, and has been facing conservation challenges for a long time.
"Markhor is a national animal which is a fighter and does not lose heart in the hard time as he has courage to climb the mountain regardless of the difficulties.
Most of the productions focus on morals and preaching - something Allahyar and the Legend of Markhor also exhibits - and less on the actual entertainment coefficient for the target audience.
Studies were carried out on the population and distribution of 'Near Threatened' Markhor sub species Flare-horned Markhor (Capra falconeri falconeri Wagner 1839) in District Swat covering an area of 5337 km2 in 2013.
: Waqas Ali and Sidra Qasim of Markhor have introduced Paki stani handmade leather shoes for men to the international markets.
The markhor, Capra falconeri, is a magnificent twist-horned goat found in several races primarily in Pakistan arid Afghanistan.