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(mär`kôr), wild goat, Capra falconeri, found in the rugged mountains of central Asia, from S Russia to the W Himalayas. Largest of the goats, the male may stand over 40 in. (100 cm) at the shoulder and weigh over 200 lb (90 kg). The coat is short and reddish brown in summer; in winter it is long, silky, and gray. Males have long, thick beards. The distinctive corkscrew-shaped horns are extremely thick and heavy. Markhors live in small herds of between 4 and 30 individuals, grazing up to the snow line. The isolated populations of the different mountain ranges constitute distinct races; most are near extinction because of extensive hunting. In Russia and the Central Asian Republics, where the markhor has been protected since the 1930s, its numbers have increased to about 1,000. The markhor is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.



(Caprafalconeri), an even-toed ungulate of the Bovidae family. The horns twist like a corkscrew or screw (hence the name in Russian of vintorogii kozel, spiral-horned goat). A long mane marks the neck and chest of the males. The markhor is rusty gray, with the old males turning muddy white. The body is up to 1.7 m in length, with a height at the shoulders of 90 cm; the animal weighs up to 90 kg and some-times more. The markhor is found in the western Himalayas, Kashmir, Western Tibet, and Afghanistan. In the USSR the markhor is encountered only in the mountains along the Pyandzh River and in the Kugitangtau and Babatag ranges. Several subspecies have developed which differ in the shape of the horns. The markhor is a typical mountain animal, inhabiting the steep slopes of gorges, rocks, and cliffs. Little is known about its way of life. It is the forerunner of certain breeds of domesticated goats. In the USSR hunting of the markhor is prohibited.


Tsalkin, V. I. “Vintorogii kozel v SSSR.” Uch. zap. MGU, 1945, issue 83.
Mlekopitaiushchie sovetskogo soiuza, vol. 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1961.


References in periodicals archive ?
These community surveys suggest that the total markhor population where WCS works in Gilgit-Baltistan may now be as high as 1,500 animals, a dramatic increase since the last government estimate of less than 1,000 in 1999.
The female markhor examined in Dushanbe showed gray areas of consolidations in the apical and cardiac lobes of the right lung and yellow pleural fluid (Figure 1, panel B).
The project has showed positive results in stopping illegal hunting of Marcopolo sheep, ibex, Astore Markhor and blue sheep.
It appears therefore that the design of this carpet was derived from a variety of sources, Chinese dragons as adapted in Persian painting, Bihzad's composition of combating camels, Mughal paintings drawn in the 1590s showing rhino, gharial, tiger, markhor, cheetah, and hunting scenes with leaping, jumping, and "flying" animals.
It merits an insertion here that Trophy Hunting Scheme was introduced by Wildlife department for the preservation of Markhor.
Hussain Ahmed, chairman of Chitral Gol National Park Association (CGPA), said the DFO didn take the association into confidence before sending the sick markhor to Peshawar.
Divisional Forest Officer (DFO) of CGNP Mohammad Buzurg confirmed the recovery of dead Markhor from Chitral Goal National Park.
Agency for International Development (USAID) has revealed that large mammals, including Asiatic black bears, gray wolves, markhor goats, and leopard cats are surviving in parts of Afghanistan despite braving years of conflict.
If we talk about Pakistan, it is home to a number of endangered species, including the woolly flying squirrel, markhor, blue whale, Pakistani sand cat, the ibex wild goat, and several species of birds, whales and turtles.
It is the name of a remote mountain pasture that plays a role in the mythology, because it is the place where the dough figurines made for Lagaur are believed to be led during the night by their walm'oc, their shepherd, a majestic dough markhor to whom a special place is reserved on the main beam (sai'ar) of the house; the animals are then taken into custody by the fairies (s'uci), which indicates that they are seen as an offering to the mountain spirits.
14 -- -- Table 3 The Wildlife of the Chaprote Forest Edible Inedible Chakor/Remchakor Eagles Dove Crows Pegeon Bear Duck Cheetah Patridge Jackal Deer Fox Markhor Wolf Rabbit Snake Mongoose
Even Markhor, the national animal of Pakistan was ranked as endangered species, and the cause of its decline was over hunting, loss of habitat, limited food resources etc, they added