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term for a fugitive slave in the 17th and 18th cent. in the West Indies and Guiana, or for a descendant of such slaves. They were called marron by the French and cimarrón by the Spanish. Formerly much used in the West Indies and South America, the term later came to be used with particular reference to certain blacks living in W Jamaica. The maroons fled when the British began their conquest of the island from the Spanish in 1655 and maintained a hostile independence until 1739, when a treaty granting them lands of their own and virtual independence was concluded.


See studies by C. Robinson (1969) and R. Price (1976, 1979).

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a descendant of a group of runaway slaves living in the remoter areas of the Caribbean or Guyana


a. a dark red to purplish-red colour
b. (as adjective) a maroon car
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in classic literature ?
Tarzan was nearer to contentment than he had been since the peace and tranquility of his jungle had been broken in upon by the advent of the marooned Porter party.
All hands went over the side, and there I was, marooned on my own vessel.
"You must maroon me as soon as ever you can get amongst these islands off the Cambodge shore," he went on.
Jo in maroon, with a stiff, gentlemanly linen collar, and a white chrysanthemum or two for her only ornament.
With just weeks from the start of UAAP season 82, the University of the Philippines (UP) Fighting Maroons are showing that their preparations for the basketball tournament are now in full swing.
Paras, UP outgun Chien Hsin to clinch Taiwan tourney title !-- -- Luisa Morales ( - July 21, 2019 - 5:06pm MANILA, Philippines The UP Fighting Maroons clinched the Buddha Light International Association (BLIA) Cup title after overcoming Chien Hsin University, 97-93, in Taiwan on Sunday.
University of the Philippines' retooled roster gets an acid test right in its first game in the Filoil Flying V Preseason Cup when the Maroons battle San Beda in the main game in the inaugurals Sunday.
The Maroons took control with a 10-0 run late in the second set.
Maroons Head Coach Anto Gonzales cautioned his wards against the dangerous Growling Tigers, who are trying to end an 11-year title drought.
In 2017 the conference explored connections between Maroons and the African Diaspora to examine the persistence of indigenous knowledge, its origin, transformation, and potential to sustain the lives of future generations.
This resulted in them releasing their slaves, who run into the mountain with their Native Indian bothers, these African along with those who become known as the Maroons.
The recent work of Sylviane A Diouf, Slavery's Exile: The Story of the American Maroons, expands present-day scholarship on maroon polities during the antebellum period in the United States offering a comprehensive analysis of the diverse "maroon landscape" in the South (5).