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marquetry(mär`kətrē), branch of cabinetwork in which a decorative surface of wood or other substance is glued to an object on a single plane. Unlike inlaying, in which the secondary material is sunk into portions of a solid ground cut out to receive it, the technique of marquetry applies both field and pattern material as a veneer of equal thickness. Wood is most often used for the ground, or field, and to a considerable extent also—when of differing color, grain or kind—for the decorative sections. Tortoiseshell, metal, ivory, and bone are also used. The process was derived from the true wood inlay known as intarsiaintarsia
properly a form of wood inlaying. The term is sometimes applied to inlays of other materials such as ivory and metal. It is differentiated from marquetry by the basic veneering process of the latter.
..... Click the link for more information. and reached a high point of development in its use by the Dutch in the 17th cent.; subsequently the French were its chief exponents, with the Boulle family (see Boulle, André CharlesBoulle or Buhl, André Charles
, 1642–1732, French cabinetmaker, the master of a distinctive style of furniture, much imitated, for which his name has become a synonym.
..... Click the link for more information. ) creating a distinctive style through the use of copper and tortoiseshell. Marquetry in England was never carried to the heights of elaboration or technical brilliance reached on the Continent, but in the latter part of the 18th cent. work of considerable distinction and refinement was produced.
See M. Campkin, The Technique of Marquetry (1989).
a type of mosaic consisting of irregularly shaped pieces of veneer that vary in color and texture and are affixed to a surface. Marquetry is used in furniture-making and in the manufacture of paneling and other wood products. The process was particularly popular in the 17th and 18th centuries in France and Germany.
REFERENCEMeliksetian, A. S. Mozaika iz dereva. Moscow, 1969.
inlay, intarsia, marquetry