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Related to marshal: air marshal


1. (in England) an officer, usually a junior barrister, who accompanies a judge on circuit and performs miscellaneous secretarial duties
2. in the US
a. a Federal court officer assigned to a judicial district whose functions are similar to those of a sheriff
b. (in some states) the chief police or fire officer
3. (formerly in England) an officer of the royal family or court, esp one in charge of protocol
4. an obsolete word for ostler
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A court title in medieval France; the king’s servant who looked after his horses. In the 12th century the marshal became a court official who was the master of the king’s bodyguard, cavalry guard, and stables. Between 1180 and 1223 the title of “marshal of France” was introduced for the king’s marshal, as distinct from the marshals maintained by big feudal lords. In the 13th through 15th centuries the marshal commanded part of the royal army.

(2) The highest military rank (grade) in the armies of several countries, introduced in France in the 16th century. The marshal carried a baton as a special sign of distinction. The rank of marshal was abolished during the Great French Revolution in 1793 and restored by Napoleon I on May 19, 1804. In the 19th century the rank of marshal was introduced in Spain, Turkey (musir), Italy, and Japan, and in the 20th century in Great Britain (only in the air force—vice-marshal, marshal, chief marshal of aviation, and marshal of the Royal Air Force), India, Poland, Finland, Rumania, China (where it existed until 1965), the Korean People’s Democratic Republic, the Mongolian People’s Republic, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and several other countries. In Great Britain, Prussia (later Germany), Austria (later Austria-Hungary), and Russia the rank of field marshal corresponded to the rank of marshal. In the USSR the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union was introduced in 1935, and the ranks of marshal of a combat arm and chief marshal of a combat arm were introduced in 1943.

(3) In Poland the title of several civilian officials (marshal of the Sejm and vice-marshal of the Sejm).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An English word that means to arrange into a particular order as a means of preparation. See data marshalling.
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References in periodicals archive ?
But seriously, Stenson says, she's humbled by the grand marshal appointment, made because of her longtime commitment to GLBT youths and academics.
Air Vice Marshal Muhammad Qaiser Janjua was commissioned in GD (P) branch of Pakistan Air Force in December, 1988.
Marshals Service and the Walterboro Police Department for their assistance in the arrest.
Air Marshal Zaheer Ahmad Babar was commissioned in GD (P) branch of Pakistan Air Force in April, 1986.
Air Marshal Javad Saeed was commissioned in GDP branch of Pakistan Air Force in November 1986.
Some school staff are trained to be armed marshals and are ready to shoot if there's a threat.
The marshal scheme is the culmination of meetings held between police the RSPB, the fire service and others to discuss ways of tackling the problems.
His predecessor in VCAS' office Air Marshal Farooq Habib was superseded during the appointment of the air chief.
United States Marshals picked up the case from local police in 2010, ( KSTU-TV reported.
"Being accredited," said Florida Supreme Court Marshal Silvester Dawson, "means this agency employs professional standards that are considered best practices in the law enforcement profession.
Field marshal is an honorary rank given to generals in recognition of their services in war or extraordinary military service.
Bahrain: A TEAM of more than 200 Bahraini marshals, including women, will help run the first Azerbaijan Formula One race later this year.