If the donor starts mass transfer too long after the TAMS, the mass-transfer rate
will be high and the orbit will diverge.
Abbreviations [R.sub.B]: Bubble radius, m [c.sub.i]: Concentration at interface, mol/L [c.sub.0]: Concentration in bulk liquid, mol/L [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION Diffusion coefficient of oxygen gas, NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]: m/s J: Mass-transfer rate
, mol/s [V.sub.mol]: Molar volume, [m.sup.3]/mol [V.sub.B]: Bubble volume, [m.sup.3].
But the low solubility, low mass-transfer rate
and the safety issues surrounding hydrogen limit the efficiency and scalability of such processes.
(14) with a low mass-transfer rate
, although they could not rule out outbursts.
where [Alpha] is the first-order mass-transfer rate
When he is not working on thermodynamic or mass-transfer rate
calculations on the computer, he may be found in the family minivan driving his children to their West Edmonton elementary school.
These outbursts are probably caused by increases in the mass-transfer rate
from the red giant to the white dwarf.
Such nuclear flare-ups could swell the star and increase the mass-transfer rate
, thus brightening the hot dwarf or its accretion disk.