mastaba


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Related to mastaba: Step pyramid, serdab, Hypostyle Hall

mastaba

(măs`təbə), in Egyptian architecture, a sepulchral structure built aboveground. The mastabas of the early dynastic period (3200–2680 B.C.), such as those of the I dynasty at Sakkara, were elaborate, having many storage or offering compartments, and were quite evidently close copies of contemporary houses. Better known are the mastabas of the Old Kingdom (2680–2181 B.C.), which were an elaboration of the predynastic burial-pit and mound form. The typical mastaba was generally rectangular in plan with a flat roof and inward-sloping walls, built of brick and faced with limestone slabs.

Mastaba

A freestanding tomb found in ancient Egypt, consisting of a rectangular superstructure with inclined sides, from which a shaft leads to underground burial chambers.

Mastaba

 

(Arabic, literally “stone bench”), the modern name for ancient Egyptian tombs of the Protodynastic Period (c. 3000-2800 B.C.) and the Old Kingdom (c. 2800-2250 B.C.). A mastaba is a rectangular superstructure with sloping sides joined by a vertical shaft to an underground burial chamber with several rooms. The outer walls of mastabas of the Protodynastic Period were built of brick (First Dynasty) or stone (Second Dynasty) and were recessed and brightly painted (exemplified by the tomb of Queen Herneit in Saqqara).

In the mastabas of the Old Kingdom, the superstructure had a severe exterior with smooth walls and a complex interior layout, with halls, corridors, and storerooms (exemplified by the tomb of the royal treasurer Akhethotep and his son Ptahhotep in Saqqara, Fifth Dynasty). The inner chambers contained statues (repositories of the souls of the dead) and the walls were covered with reliefs and paintings.

REFERENCE

Vseobshchaia istoriia arkhitektury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1970.

mastaba

mastaba
A freestanding tomb used in ancient Egypt, consisting of a rectangular superstructure with inclined sides, from which a shaft leads to underground burial and offering chambers.

mastaba

, mastabah
a mudbrick superstructure above tombs in ancient Egypt from which the pyramid developed
References in periodicals archive ?
One important study of central relevance to the issues raised in Lacher-Raschdorff's analysis is Wengrow 2006, which provides a sophisticated investigation of the continuities and contrasts between the Early Dynastic mastabas at Abydos and Saqqara, on the one hand, and the mortuary complexes of the succeeding Third Dynasty, on the other.
Khamis Mastaba is located, just 34 km from the border with Saudi Arabia, and such a large gathering in this location posed a very real threat to troops stationed on the border.
"We will employ people here," the artist said, vowing to fund his project from selling sketches, photos and plans of the Mastaba to museums and international art collectors - just as he has done with much of his previous works.
It brought her back into painting, and while it included imagery from her earlier work (checkerboard patterning, the mastaba shape, and a false entrance), it added new influences.
They discuss such topics as the art of Egyptian hieroglyphs as seen by the Akhmim painters, a spatial metaphor for chronology in the secondary cemeteries at Giza, the death of the democratization of the afterlife, variations in aspective representation in Old Kingdom mastaba chapels, and the economic connection between the royal cult in the pyramid temples and the sun temples in Abusir.
El Mastaba Cultural Centre, on the edge of the medieval quarter, focuses on Egyptian folk music, contemporary forms with ancient roots that have emerged in cities as well as the countryside.
He ended up returning to a mastaba (a flat tomb structure) as a lasting monument.
To the left of the staircase, there is a rocky stone bench (mastaba) with a fireplace at the entrance.
Of special interest is Christo's 1980 mixed-media work, The Mastaba of Abu Dhabi, Project for the United Arab Emirates, a drawing for a monumental project recently undertaken in the Emirate nearly 28 years after its first proposal.