mastectomy


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Related to mastectomy: radical mastectomy

mastectomy

(măstĕk`təmē), surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken. The radical mastectomies of the past (which removed not only the breast, but underlying chest muscle and lymph nodes) have largely been replaced by less drastic, but equally effective procedures. For small tumors, lumpectomy, removing just the tumor and a margin of tissue, may be performed. A partial, or segmental, mastectomy removes the cancer, some breast tissue, the lining over the chest, and usually some lymph nodes from under the arm; total or simple mastectomy removes the whole breast; modified radical mastectomy takes the breast, lining over the chest muscles, and lymph nodes.

Breast reconstruction can be done using the patient's own tissue or breast implantsbreast implant,
saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomy as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts.
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. Mammograms and self-conducted breast exams have done much to reduce the need for radical procedures because they have increased early detection of the cancer, allowing it to be treated before it has spread.

mastectomy

[ma′stek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of the breast. Also known as mammectomy.

mastectomy

the surgical removal of a breast
References in periodicals archive ?
A comparative study between using harmonic scalpel and electrocautry in modified radical mastectomy. Egyptian J Surg 2007; 26: 176-80.
If the cancer returns after a lumpectomy and radiation, you will need a mastectomy. "Radiation limits the number of lumpectomies you can have," Dr.
We performed a retrospective analysis of BRCA1/2 mutation carriers who underwent at least 1 prophylactic mastectomy at our center, between 2009 and 2015.
Our aim in this study has been to determine the significant clinicopathological factors associated with long-term outcome among our institutional patient cohort who underwent immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) with tissue expander (TE) or implant after mastectomy treated with contemporary oncological management.
In 2009, the split between women who underwent mastectomy with or without simultaneous reconstruction was 39.1% to 60.9%, but by 2014 the rates had changed to 29% with simultaneous reconstruction and 71% who received it during a separate visit or stay.
Dr Dora Evangelidou from Cosme Surge, Emirates Hospital said: "Unfortunately, mastectomy is considered by most women a taboo subject as they view this as disfiguring or a loss of femininity.
More women are undergoing mastectomy and breast reconstruction to reduce their risk of familial breast cancer, based on detection of specific risk genes.
(1.) Li et al.: Traumatic neuroma in a patient with breast cancer after mastectomy: a case report and review of the literature.
This article refers to acute pain resulting from a mastectomy and lasting three or fewer months.
Six months following the surgery, she presented with redness over the mastectomy scar that increased in size rapidly within 2 months.
On the basis of current evidence, the gold standard seems to be represented by nipple-sparing mastectomy which, thanks to the preservation of the skin envelope and the nipple-areola complex, is able to optimize the oncological and aesthetic results.
Meticulous gross examination of mastectomy specimens is critical to establish accurate tumor size and to assess multifocality and/or multicentricity of lesions, margin status, and the distribution of microcalcifications that may be associated with in situ carcinoma.