matrilineal descent

matrilineal descent

or

uterine descent

(ANTHROPOLOGY) a UNILINEAL system of tracing DESCENT through females. This form of descent does not necessarily mean that women hold political or economic power; such a system would be called a MATRIARCHY. Early Victorian anthropologists suggested that this was the original form of descent, but it now appears that there is no evidence for this. The opposite is PATRILINEAL DESCENT.
References in periodicals archive ?
The verse cited above is also the source for the law of defining one's Jewishness by matrilineal descent. Since the verse states "for he [the non-Jewish father] will cause your child to turn away ...
Marriage is ruled by Islamic law, but alliances between matrilineal descent groups follow other rationales.
Thus, in all regions examined in this article, matrilineal descent groups are constituted around ancestral land, owned by corporate descent groups, but inherited through female lines, with overlapping rights of disposal vested in matrilineal kin groups.
Howitt and Fison (1883:34; 1885:144) grasped that there was tension or 'hostility' between matrilineal descent and patrilineal descent, although they set this out in speculative evolutionist terms and failed to link it to totemism and ritual practice across the board.
Akan influence is fairly strong among the Senoufo, some of whom have adopted matrilineal descent systems resembling that of the Akan ...
A haplogroup is a sequence of mtDNA passed down the maternal line from mother to daughter unchanged over the generations and according to traditional Jewish law, Judaism is passed down through matrilineal descent. ( ANI )
national treasure Stephen Fry's admission of matrilineal descent that she allegedly started screaming: "He's a Jew!
This status, according to the dictates of normative Jewish law, upholds matrilineal descent as the source of Jewish identity.
According to Hopkins, the area in southern Ghana is home to both the Ashanti and Ewe culture, and they practice matrilineal descent, which means children are more closely tied to their mothers rather than their fathers.
While the mediums worship the kings by offering their dancing under the main tent, two matrilineal descent groups chosen by the host mediums practice the cult rituals for their ancestor spirits under the shrines installed in the public square.
She writes that inside the sa'o, 'a representation of the uterus serves as the symbolic locus for female reproductive capacities and matrilineal descent'.
Of related significance are "matrilineal descent systems" and matrilineal societies that "embodied an idea of social organization that privileged the personal and social power of women," as well as African societies that had patrilineal forms of organization.